C Programming

There is a function in C which allows the programmer to accept input from a keyboard. The following program illustrates the use of this function,

	#include <stdio.h>

	main()     /* program which introduces keyboard input */
		int  number;

		printf("Type in a number \n");
		scanf("%d", &number);
		printf("The number you typed was %d\n", number);

	Sample Program Output
	Type in a number
	The number you typed was 23

An integer called number is defined. A prompt to enter in a number is then printed using the statement

	printf("Type in a number \n:");

The scanf routine, which accepts the response, has two arguments. The first ("%d") specifies what type of data type is expected (ie char, int, or float). List of formatters for scanf() found here.

The second argument (&number) specifies the variable into which the typed response will be placed. In this case the response will be placed into the memory location associated with the variable number.

This explains the special significance of the & character (which means the address of).

Sample program illustrating use of scanf() to read integers, characters and floats

	#include < stdio.h >

		int sum;
		char letter; 
		float money;

		printf("Please enter an integer value ");
		scanf("%d", &sum );

		printf("Please enter a character ");
		/* the leading space before the %c ignores space characters in the input */
		scanf("  %c", &letter );

		printf("Please enter a float variable ");
		scanf("%f", &money );

		printf("\nThe variables you entered were\n");
		printf("value of sum = %d\n", sum );
		printf("value of letter = %c\n", letter );
		printf("value of money = %f\n", money );

	Sample Program Output
	Please enter an integer value 
	Please enter a character
	Please enter a float variable
	The variables you entered were
	value of sum = 34
	value of letter = W
	value of money = 32.300000

This program illustrates several important points.

ęCopyright B Brown. 1984-1999. All rights reserved.