GENKSYMS(8)                  Linux Module Support                  GENKSYMS(8)


       genksyms - generate symbol version information


       genksyms [-wq] [-dD] [-V] [-k version] [-p string] [output directory]


       Genksyms  reads  (on  standard input) the output from "gcc -E source.c"
       and generates a file containing version information.

       Depending on the output format indicated by the -k option,  the  output
       will either be written to a .ver file in the named output directory, or
       to the standard output.

       Genksyms normally looks for explicit symbol table  definitions  in  the
       source    file.     All   definitions   and   declarations   of   type-
       def, struct, union and enum will be saved for later  expansion.   Every
       global  symbol  will  also  be  saved, together with pointers that will
       enable a full expansion later on.

       When a symbol table is found in the source, the symbol will be expanded
       to  its  full definition, where all structs, unions, enums and typedefs
       will be expanded down to their basic  part,  recursively.   This  final
       string  will then be used as input to a CRC algorithm that will give an
       integer that will change as soon as any  of  the  included  definitions
       changes, for this symbol.

       The  version  information  in  the  kernel  normally  looks  like: sym-
       bol_R12345678, where 12345678 is the hexadecimal representation of  the


       -d, --debug
              Output  debugging  information;  repeating this option increases
              the verbosity.  Debug level  1  generates  moderate  information
              about  the  actions  being  taken;  debug level 2 enables parser
              recognition output; debug level 3 enables lexical analysis  out-

       -D, --dump
              Dump  expanded  symbol definitions to stderr.  For debugging use

       -h, --help
              Display a summary of options and immediately exit.

       -k version, --kernel version
              Select the version of the kernel for which to  generate  output.
              Omitting  this  option  assumes a version below 2.1.0.  Versions
              below 2.1.18 use checksum version 1, and produce their output in
              the  directory  given  on the command line.  Versions 2.1.18 and
              above use checksum version 2 and produce their output on stdout.

       -p string, --prefix string
              Prepend  the given string to the CRCs generated for all symbols.
              This is intended for use with, e.g., SMP  kernels,  wherein  the
              modules  are  not  compatible at a level below that described by
              the data types.  This is primarily  caused  by  inline  function
              expansions in the module code itself.

       -q, --quiet
              Quiet warnings, i.e. reverse the -w option.

       -V, --version
              Display the version of genksyms.

       -w, --warnings
              Enable  warnings  due  to  unrecognized  syntax and declared but
              undefined structures.  These warnings are normally suppressed.


       insmod(8), modprobe(8)


       The -h option is broken; --help is fine.
       genksyms [-V | --version] should display version information  and  then
       exit  immediately.   Instead,  it  prints  the  version information and
       behaves as if no options were given.

       Although the fix for this bug is trivial, it changes the  behaviour  of
       modutils.  Given the large number of distributions and scripts that run
       modutils and expect the current behaviour, any change of  behaviour  is
       unacceptable  in  2.4.   Don’t  bother sending patches for this bug, it
       will not be fixed in 2.4, it should be fixed in 2.5.


       This versioning concept is a result from discussions, not at  least  on
       the KERNEL-channel, with a lot of people.

       The   genksyms   utility   was   created   in   1994  by  Bjorn  Ekwall
       <> being mostly inspired by  Jacques  Gelinas  <jack@solu-> and Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>

       It was rewritten in 1996 by Richard Henderson to use a proper lexer and

Linux                          February 12, 2003                   GENKSYMS(8)

Man(1) output converted with man2html