GIMP(1)                        GIMP Manual Pages                       GIMP(1)


       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.


       gimp    [-h]   [--help]   [-v]   [--version]   [--verbose]   [--no-shm]
       [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts]
       [-i]   [--no-interface]  [-s]  [--no-splash]  [--session  <name>]  [-g]
       [--gimprc <gimprc>] [--system-gimprc <gimprc>] [--dump-gimprc]  [--con-
       sole-messages]   [--debug-handlers]  [--batch-interpreter  <procedure>]
       [-b] [--batch <commands>] [filename] ...


       The GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is used to edit  and
       manipulate  images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of  drawing
       and  painting  tools  such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent  scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP offers a variety of plugins that perform a variety of image manip-
       ulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect,  gaussian  blur,  and
       many others.

       In  addition,  GIMP  has  several  scripting  extension which allow for
       advanced non-interactive processing and creation of images.


       The gimp accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
               Display a list of all commandline options.

       -v, --version
               Output the version info.

               Show startup messages.

               Do not use shared memory between GIMP and its plugins.  Instead
               of  using shared memory, GIMP will send the data via pipe. This
               will result in slower performance than using shared memory.

               Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE  even  if  GIMP
               detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       -d, --no-data
               Do  not  load  patterns, gradients, palettes, or brushes. Often
               useful in non-interactive situations where startup time  is  to
               be minimized.

       -f, --no-fonts
               Do  not load any fonts. No text functionality will be available
               if this option is used.

       -i, --no-interface
               Run without a user interface.

       --display display
               Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
               Do not show the splash screen.

       --session <name>
               Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given ses-
               sion name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
               cases where plugins paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternate system gimprc file.

               Output a gimprc file with default settings.

               Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
               Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the mes-
               sages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
               If  a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
               If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
               Specifies the procedure to use to  process  batch  events.  The
               default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <commands>
               Execute  the  set  of  <commands> non-interactively. The set of
               <commands> is typically in the form of a  script  that  can  be
               executed  by  one  of the GIMP scripting extensions. When <com-
               mands> is - the commands are read from standard input.


       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

               to get the name of a resource file that  overrides  the  global
               resources stored in the RESOURCE_MANAGER property.


       GIMP’s data files are stored in /usr/share/gimp/2.0, where ${prefix} is
       set  on  install,  but  is  typically  /usr/local.  GIMP’s  system-wide
       configuration  files are stored in /etc/gimp/2.0.  Most GIMP configura-
       tion is read in from the user’s init file, $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimprc.  The
       system  wide  equivalent  is  in  /etc/gimprc.  The system wide file is
       parsed first and the user gimprc  can  override  the  system  settings.
       /etc/gimprc_user  is  the default gimprc placed in users’ home directo-
       ries the first time GIMP is run.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/devicerc - holds settings for  input  devices  together
       with  the  tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated to that

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/documents - lists all images that have been  opened  or
       saved using GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gtkrc - users set of GIMP-specific GTK config settings.
       Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc - sytem wide default set of GIMP-specific GTK+ con-
       fig settings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/menurc - user’s set of keybindings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
       file will be rewritten every time you quit the GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
       is  info, you want to keep between two GIMP sessions). You are not sup-
       posed to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file will  be
       entirely  rewritten  every  time  you quit the GIMP. If this file isn’t
       found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
       images  can  conveniently  created  from  these templates. If this file
       isn’t found, defaults are used.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
       definitions  for  centimeters,  meters, feet, yards, typographic points
       and typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first
       time the GIMP is ran. If this file isn’t found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/unitrc  -  This  file contains your user unit database.
       You can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed  to
       edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
       rewritten every time you quit the GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/plug-ins - location of user installed plugins.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/pluginrc -  plugin  initialization  values  are  stored
       here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/tmp  -  default  location  that  GIMP uses as temporary

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
       files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/curves  -  Curve profiles and presets as saved from the
       Curves tool.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimpressionist - Presets and user created  brushes  and
       papers are stored here.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/levels  -  Level profiles and presets as saved from the
       Levels tool.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/palettes - user created  and  modified  palette  files.
       This files are in the .gpl format.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/patterns - basic set of patterns for use in GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/patterns  -  user  created  and  installed gimp pattern
       files. This files are in the .pat format.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gradients - standard system wide  set  of  gradient

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gradients  - user created and installed gradient files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used  in
       Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gflares  - system wide directory used by the gflare

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gfig - system wide directory used by the gfig plug-

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used for
       the GIMP splash screen.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png - image used in the GIMP about

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml  - tips as displayed in the "Tip
       of the Day" dialog box.


       GIMP comes with a default image for the splash  screen  but  it  allows
       system  administrators and users to customize the splash screen by pro-
       viding other images. The image to be used with  the  splash  screen  is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP  tries  to  load  a random splash screen from the directory

       2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimp-splash.png.

       3.     If the user didn’t install any custom splash  images,  a  random
              image is picked from /usr/share/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As  a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located at


       Any bugs found should be reported to  the  online  bug-tracking  system
       available  on  the  web at Before reporting
       bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

       When reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way  to
       reproduce  the  bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK), OS name
       and version, and any relevant hardware specs. If a  bug  is  causing  a
       crash,  it  is  very  useful  if  a stack trace can be provided. And of
       course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.


       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There is also a GIMP User Manual available  at
       that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The  latest  version  of  GIMP and the GTK+ libs is always available at


       Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis.

       With patches, fixes, plugins, extensions, scripts, translations,  docu-
       mentation, and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.


       gimprc(5), gimptool(1), gimp-remote(1)

Version 2.2.10                   March 23 2004                         GIMP(1)

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