INTERDIFF(1)                                                      INTERDIFF(1)


       interdiff - show differences between two diff files


       interdiff [-p n] [-U n] [-d PAT] [-Bbiqwz] [--interpolate | --combine |
                 --flip] [--no-revert-omitted] diff1 diff2

       interdiff {--help | --version}


       interdiff creates a unified format diff that expresses  the  difference
       between  two  diffs. The diffs must both be relative to the same files.
       For best results, the diffs must have at least three lines of  context.

       To reverse a patch, use /dev/null for diff2.

       To reduce the amount of context in a patch, use:

              interdiff -U1 /dev/null patchfile

       Since interdiff doesn’t have the advantage of being able to look at the
       files that are to be modified, it has stricter requirements on the  in-
       put  format  than  patch(1)  does. The output of GNU diff will be okay,
       even with extensions, but if you intend to use a hand-edited  patch  it
       might  be  wise to clean up the offsets and counts using recountdiff(1)

       Note, however, that the two patches must both be relative to  the  ver-
       sions of the same original set of files.

       The  diffs  may  be  in context format. The output, however, will be in
       unified format.


       -h     Ignored, for compatibility with  older  versions  of  interdiff.
              This option will go away soon.

       -p n   When comparing filenames, ignore the first n pathname components
              from both patches. (This is similar to  the  -p  option  to  GNU

       -q     Quieter  output.  Don’t emit rationale lines at the beginning of
              each patch.

       -U n   Attempt to display n lines of context (requires at least n lines
              of  context in both input files). (This is similar to the -U op-
              tion to GNU diff(1).)

       -d pattern
              Don’t display any context on files that match the shell wildcard
              pattern. This option can be given multiple times.

              Note  that the interpretation of the shell wildcard pattern does
              not count slash characters  or  periods  as  special  (in  other
              words, no flags are given to fnmatch). This is so that ‘‘*/base-
              name’’-type patterns can be given without limiting the number of
              pathname components.

       -i     Consider upper- and lower-case to be the same.

       -w     Ignore whitespace changes in patches.

       -b     Ignore changes in the amount of whitespace.

       -B     Ignore changes whose lines are all blank.

       -z     Decompress files with extensions .gz and .bz2.

              Run as ‘‘interdiff’’. This is the default.

              Run  as ‘‘combinediff’’. See combinediff(1) for more information
              about how the behaviour is altered in this mode.

              (For interpolation mode only) When a  file  is  changed  by  the
              first patch but not by the second, don’t revert that change.

       --help Display a short usage message.

              Display the version number of interdiff.


       Basic usage:

              interdiff -z 3.2pre1.patch.gz 3.2pre2.patch.gz

       Reversing a patch:

              interdiff patch /dev/null

       Reversing part of a patch (and ignoring the rest):

              filterdiff -i file.c patchfile | \
                interdiff /dev/stdin /dev/null


       There  are  currently  no  known  bugs in interdiff; but there are some
       caveats. If you find a bug, please report it (along with a minimal test
       case) to Tim Waugh <>.

       There are some sets of patches in which there is just not enough infor-
       mation to produce a proper interdiff. In this case,  the  strategy  em-
       ployed  is  to revert the original patch and apply the new patch. This,
       unfortunately, means that interdiffs  are  not  guaranteed  to  be  re-




       Tim Waugh <>.
       Man page edited by Michael K. Johnson <>.

patchutils                        14 May 2004                     INTERDIFF(1)

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