JOIN(1) User Commands JOIN(1)
join - join lines of two files on a common field
join [OPTION]... FILE1 FILE2
For each pair of input lines with identical join fields, write a line
to standard output. The default join field is the first, delimited by
whitespace. When FILE1 or FILE2 (not both) is -, read standard input.
print unpairable lines coming from file FILENUM, where FILENUM
is 1 or 2, corresponding to FILE1 or FILE2
replace missing input fields with EMPTY
-i, --ignore-case ignore differences in case when comparing fields
equivalent to ‘-1 FIELD -2 FIELD’
obey FORMAT while constructing output line
use CHAR as input and output field separator
like -a FILENUM, but suppress joined output lines
join on this FIELD of file 1
join on this FIELD of file 2
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
Unless -t CHAR is given, leading blanks separate fields and are
ignored, else fields are separated by CHAR. Any FIELD is a field num-
ber counted from 1. FORMAT is one or more comma or blank separated
specifications, each being ‘FILENUM.FIELD’ or ‘0’. Default FORMAT out-
puts the join field, the remaining fields from FILE1, the remaining
fields from FILE2, all separated by CHAR.
Important: FILE1 and FILE2 must be sorted on the join fields.
Written by Mike Haertel.
Report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Copyright © 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is
NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
The full documentation for join is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and join programs are properly installed at your site, the
info coreutils join
should give you access to the complete manual.
join (coreutils) 5.2.1 July 2005 JOIN(1)
Man(1) output converted with