NCPMOUNT(8)                        ncpmount                        NCPMOUNT(8)


       ncpmount,  mount.ncp  -  mount volume(s) from a specified NetWare file-


       ncpmount [ -h ] [ -S server ] [ -U user name ] [ -P password | -n  ]  [
       -C ] [ -c client name ] [ -u uid ] [ -g gid ] [ -f file mode ] [ -d dir
       mode ] [ -V volume ] [ -t time_out ] [ -r retry_count ] [  -b  ]  [  -i
       level  ]  [  -v  ] [ -m ] [ -y iocharset ] [ -p codepage ] [ -N ignored
       namespace ] [ -2 | -3 | -4 ] [ -s ] [ -A dns name ] mount-point

       mount.ncp remote-server-and-user mount-point  [  -n  ]  [  -v  ]  [  -o
       mount_options ]


       This  program  is  used to mount volumes of the specified NetWare File-
       server under the specified mount point.

       ncpfs is a linux filesystem which understands the NCP protocol. This is
       the  protocol  Novell  NetWare  clients use to talk to NetWare servers.
       ncpfs was inspired by lwared, a free NetWare emulator for Linux written
       by  Ales  Dryak.  See  for this very
       interesting program.

       ncpmount, when invoked with all  appropriate  arguments,  attaches  and
       logs  into  specified  server  and mounts all volumes (or one volume or
       subtree) from server under the specified mount  point.   ncpmount  when
       invoked  without  any  arguments specifying the fileserver, user id and
       password checks the file $HOME/.nwclient to find a file server, a  user
       name  and possibly a password to use for the specified mount point. See
       nwclient(5) for more information. Please note that the  access  permis-
       sions of .nwclient MUST be 600, for security reasons.


          mount-point  is the directory you want to mount the filesystem over.
          Its function is the the same as for a normal mount command.

          If the real uid of the caller is not root, ncpmount  checks  whether
          the  user is allowed to mount a filesystem on the mount-point. So it
          should be safe to make ncpmount setuid root. The  filesystem  stores
          the  uid  of  the  user  who called ncpmount. So ncpumount can check
          whether the caller is allowed to unmount the filesystem.

       -S server (mount option server= or part before / in  remote-server-and-
          server is the name of the server you want to use.

          -h is used to print out a short help text.

       -C (mount option noupcasepasswd)
          By default passwords are converted to uppercase before they are sent
          to the server because most servers require this.  This  option  dis-
          ables this feature ensuring that passwords are sent without any case

       -n (mount option nopasswd)
          -n must be  specified  for  logins  that  do  not  have  a  password
          configured.   This  option means do not update /etc/mtab if there is
          option -o on command line. You must use -o nopasswd in this case.

       passwdfile=file (only mount option)
          If you want specify password and you do not want store it into world
          readable  /etc/fstab,  you  can use this option.  file then contains
          lines in form SERVER/USER:PASSWORD:other_data (other_data  are  cur-
          rently unused)

       pass-fd=fd (only mount option)
          If you want to pass password in secure way to ncpmount, you can pass
          it through specified fd.

       -P password (mount option passwd=)
          specifies the password to use for the Netware user id.

          If neither -n nor the -P nor the passwdfile= nor the pass-fd=  argu-
          ments  are specified ncpmount will prompt for a password. This makes
          it difficult to use in scripts such as /etc/rc. If you want to  have
          ncpmount  work  automatically  from  a  script  you must include the
          appropriate option and be very careful  to  ensure  that  appopriate
          file  permissions are set for the script that includes your password
          to ensure that others can not read it.

       -U user name (mount option  user=  or  rest  of  remote-server-and-user
       after /)
          Specifies  the  Netware  user id to use when logging in to the file-
          server. If this option is not specified then ncpmount  will  attempt
          to  login  to  the  fileserver  using the Linux login id of the user
          invoking ncpmount.

       -m (mount option multiple)
          Normally, ncpmount limits  number  of  connections  from  client  to
          server  to one per unique user name. If you want mount more than one
          connection with same username and server, you must specify -m.

       -u uid, -g gid (mount option uid= and gid=)
          ncpmount does  not  yet  implement  a  scheme  for  mapping  NetWare
          users/groups  to  Linux  users/groups. Linux requires that each file
          has an owner and group id.  With -u and -g  you  can  tell  ncpmount
          which id’s it should assign to the files in the mounted directory.

          The defaults for these values are the current uid and gid.

       -c user name (mount option owner=)
          -c  names  the  user who is the owner of the connection, where owner
          does not refer to file ownership (that "owner"  is  set  by  the  -u
          argument),  but  the  owner of the mount, ie: who is allowed to call
          ncpumount on this mount. The default owner of the connection and the
          mount  is  the  user  who called ncpmount. This option allows you to
          specify that some other user should be set as the owner.

          In this this way it is possible to mount a public  read-only  direc-
          tory, but to allow the lp daemon to print on NetWare queues. This is
          possible because only users who have write permissions on  a  direc-
          tory may issue ncp requests over a connection. The exception to this
          rule is the ’mount owner’, who is also granted ’request permission’.

       -f  file  mode,  -d  dir  mode  (mount  option mode= (or filemode=) and
          Like -u and -g, these options are used to determine what permissions
          should be assigned files and directories of the mounted volumes. The
          values must be specified as octal numbers. The  default  values  are
          taken  from  the  current  umask, where the file mode is the current
          umask, and the dir mode adds execute permissions where the file mode
          gives read permissions.

          Note  that  these  permissions can differ from the rights the server
          gives to us. If you do not have write permissions on the server, you
          can very well choose a file mode that tells that you have. This cer-
          tainly cannot override the restrictions imposed by the server.

       -V volume (mount option volume=)
          There are 2 general ways you  can  mount  a  NetWare  server’s  disk
          space:  Either you can mount all volumes under one directory, or you
          can mount only a single volume.

          When you choose to mount the complete disk space at once,  you  have
          the  advantage  that only one Linux mount point and only one NetWare
          connection is used for all the volumes of this server. Both of these
          are  limited  resources. (Although raising the number of Linux mount
          points is significantly cheaper than raising the number of available
          NetWare connections ;-))

          When  you  specify  to  mount a single volume by using the option -V
          volume, you have the big advantage that nfsd is  able  to  re-export
          this  mounted  directory.  You  must invoke nfsd and mountd with the
          option --re-export to make nfsd re-export ncpfs mounted directories.
          This  uses  one  Linux  mount  point  and one NetWare connection per
          mounted volume. Maybe sometime in the future I will make it possible
          to  mount all volumes on different mount points, using only one con-

       -t time_out (mount option timeo= or timeout=)
          With -t you can adjust the time ncpfs waits for the server to answer
          a  request  it  sent. Use the option to raise the timeout value when
          your ncpfs connections seem to be unstable although your servers are
          well up. This can happen when you have very busy servers, or servers
          that are very far away.

          time_out is specified in 1/100s, the current default value is 60.

       -r retry_count (mount option retry=)
          As -t, -r can be used to tune the ncpfs connection  to  the  server.
          With  retry_count  you can specify how many times ncpfs will attempt
          to send a packet to the server before it decides the  connection  is
          dead. The current default value is 5.

          Currently  ncpfs is not too clever when trying to find out that con-
          nections are dead. If anybody knows how to do that correctly, as  it
          is done by commercial workstations, please tell me.

       -y iocharset (mount option iocharset=)
          You  can  specify  character  translation rules for converting names
          from unicode to your desktop (it works together with -p).  iocharset
          is charset name, for example iso-8859-1.

       -p codepage (mount option codepage=)
          You  can  specify  character  translation rules for converting names
          from Netware encoding to unicode (it works together with -y).  code-
          page is codepage name, for example cp437.

       -b (mount option bindery)
          If you are connecting to NetWare 4 or NetWare 5 through bindery emu-
          lation instead of NDS, you must specify this option.

       -i level (mount option signature=level)
          Enables packet signing. level is from 0 to 3:  0  means  disable,  1
          means  sign if server needs it, 2 means sign if server allows it and
          3 means sign packets always.

          Print ncpfs version number. It has another meaning (verbose) if  you
          specify  -o  on command line. If you are interested in version, type
          ncpmount -v without another options.

       -A dns name (mount option ipserver=dns name)
          When you are mounting volumes from NetWare 5 server  over  UDP,  you
          must  specify  dns name of server here and logical server name in -S
          (or in server=). This name is used to switch ncpmount into UDP  mode
          and  to  specify server to connect. Currently, DNS is only supported
          IP name resolution protocol. There is currently no support for  SLP.

       -N ignored namespace (mount option nonfs and nolong)
          ncpfs  supports  NFS,  LONG (OS/2) and DOS namespace on NetWare vol-
          umes. If you do not want to use NFS or LONG  namespace  (because  of
          bugs in (server) code or for backward compatibility), you must spec-
          ify these ignored namespaces in mount parameters.

          If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
          autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
          face version 2. This interface was used in 2.0.x kernels,  does  not
          support  NCP/UDP,  does not have NDS authentication info storage and
          uses only 16bit uid/gid.

          If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
          autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
          face version 3. This interface was used in kernels  from  2.1.30  to
          2.3.40 (laters 2.3.x and 2.4.x still supports this interface to make
          transition easier). This interface supports NCP/UDP, does  have  NDS
          authentication  info storage (if you uncomment it in kernel sources)
          and uses 16bit uid/gid.

          If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
          autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
          face version 4. This interface is used in kernels after 2.3.40. This
          interface  supports NCP/UDP, does have NDS authentication info stor-
          age and uses 32bit uid/gid.

       -s (mount option strong)
          Normally, files marked read-only cannot be removed from NetWare vol-
          ume because of they are marked Delete Inhibit and Rename Inhibit. If
          you want to remove these files by simple unlink,  you  should  mount
          volume with this option.

       mount option nostrong
          Refuse  to remove read-only files. If you want remove such file, you
          must first remove read-only attribute. It is  standard  behavior  of

       mount option symlinks
          Use  special,  normally  unused,  attributes combinations to express
          symlinks, executable attributes and files readable by world.

       mount option nosymlinks
          Do not allow special meaning of ’shareable’  attribute.  This  is  a

       mount option ipx
          Use  IPX  for  connection  to  server. Default if no ipserver option
          specified on cmdline.

       mount option udp
          Use UDP for connection to server. Not available  in  2.0.x  kernels.
          Default if ipserver is used.

       mount option tcp
          Use  TCP  for  connection  to  server. Available only with 2.4.0 and
          later kernels.

       mount option nfsextras
          Use the meta-data provided by the  NFS  namespace  to  allow  files’
          modes to be changed, and to allow the creation of symlinks and named
          pipes.  This adds significant overhead to fetching file information.

       mount option nonfsextras
          Do not make use of meta-data provided by the NFS namespace.  This is
          the default.


          The variables USER or LOGNAME may contain the username of the person
          using  the  client.   USER is tried first. If it’s empty, LOGNAME is


       Most diagnostics issued by ncpfs are logged by syslogd. Normally  noth-
       ing is printed, only error situations are logged there.


       If  you  want  to  mount volume SYS as user DOWNLOAD from server MIRROR
       into directory /home/pub/mirror, with  files  owner  mirror.mirror  and
       file mode -rw-r--r--, you can add

       MIRROR/DOWNLOAD    /home/pub/mirror    ncp   defaults,mode=644,uid=mir-

       into /etc/fstab. You should always specify multiple in  mount  options,
       otherwise there can be only one connection to server with same name.


          You  must configure the IPX subsystem before ncpmount will work.  It
          is especially important that there is a route to the  internal  net-
          work of your server.

          You must specify both -S logical_name and -A dns_name.  logical_name
          is used for searching .nwclient, other configuration  files  and  is
          logged into /etc/mtab, dns_name is used for connecting to server. In
          future, logical_name will be read from server.

          You must specify filesystem type ncp and not ncpfs  although  it  is
          reported as ncpfs in /etc/mtab and /proc/mounts.


       syslogd(8), ncpumount(8), nfsd(8), mountd(8), mount(8)


       ncpfs  would  not  have  been  possible without lwared, written by Ales
       Dryak (

       The encryption code was taken from Dr.  Dobbs’s  Journal  11/93.  There
       Pawel Szczerbina described it in an article on NCP.

       The  ncpfs  code  was  initially  hacked  from smbfs by Volker Lendecke
       ( smbfs was put together  by  Paal-Kr.
       Engstad ( and later polished by Volker.

       Code is currently maintained by Petr Vandrovec (

ncpmount                          12/04/1998                       NCPMOUNT(8)

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