NUTUPSDRV(8)                Network UPS Tools (NUT)               NUTUPSDRV(8)


       nutupsdrv - generic manual for unified NUT drivers


       nutupsdrv -h
       nutupsdrv [OPTIONS]


       nutupsdrv  is  not  actually a driver.  This is a combined man page for
       the shared code that is the core of many drivers within the Network UPS
       Tools package.

       For  information  on  the  specific  drivers,  see their individual man

       UPS drivers provide a communication channel between  the  physical  UPS
       hardware  and the upsd(8) server.  The driver is responsible for trans-
       lating the native protocol of the UPS to the common format used by  the
       rest of this package.

       The core has two modes of operation which are determined by the command
       line switches.  In the normal mode, the driver will  periodically  poll
       the  UPS  for its state and parameters.  The results of this command is
       presented to upsd.  The driver will also handle setting  variables  and
       instant commands if available.

       The  driver  can  also instruct the UPS to shut down the load, possibly
       after some delay.  This mode of operation is intended for cases when it
       is  known  that the UPS is running out of battery power and the systems
       attached must be turned off  to  ensure  a  proper  reboot  when  power


       You  probably  don’t  want  to  use any of these options directly.  You
       should use upsdrvctl(8) to control your  drivers,  and  ups.conf(5)  to
       configure  them.  The rest of this manual describes options and parame-
       ters that generally are not needed by normal users.


       -h     display an help message without doing anything else.  This  will
              also  list possible values for -x in that driver, and other help
              text that the driver’s author may have provided.

       -a id  autoconfigure this driver using the id section of ups.conf(5).

       -D     Raise the debugging level.  Use this multiple times to see  more

       -i interval
              Set the poll interval for the device

       -V     print only version information, then exit

       -L     print parseable list of driver variables. Mostly useful for con-
              figuration wizard and alike.

       -k     ("kill" power) Force shutdown mode.  The UPS will power off  the
              attached load if possible.

              You  should  use upsdrvctl shutdown whenever possible instead of
              calling this directly.

       -r directory
              The driver will chroot(2) to  directory  during  initialization.
              This can be useful when securing systems.

              In  addition  to  the  state  path,  many  systems  will require
              /dev/null to exist within  directory  for  this  to  work.   The
              serial  ports  are  opened before the chroot call, so you do not
              need to create them inside the jail.  In fact,  it  is  somewhat
              safer if you do not.

       -u username
              If  started  as  root,  the driver will setuid(2) to the user id
              associated with username.

              If you do not specify this value  and  start  it  as  root,  the
              driver  will  switch to the default value that was compiled into
              the code.  This is typically ’nobody’, and is far from ideal.

       -x var=val
              define a variable called var  with  the  value  of  var  in  the
              driver.   This  varies  from driver to driver - see the specific
              man pages for more information.

              This is like setting var=val in the ups.conf(5),  but  -x  over-
              rides any settings from that file.

       device The /dev entry corresponding to the TTY the UPS is connected to.
              This is optional if  you  are  using  the  -a  autoconfiguration
              option,  since  the "port" entry in the ups.conf(5) will be used
              when available.


       Information about the startup process is printed to stdout.  Additional
       messages after that point are available in the syslog.  The ups clients
       such as upsc(8) can be used to query the status of a UPS.


       You should always use  upsdrvctl(8)  to  control  the  drivers.   While
       drivers  can  be started by hand for testing purposes, it is not recom-
       mended for production use.


              Required configuration file.  This contains all details on which
              drivers to start and where the hardware is attached.


       Some of the drivers may have bugs.  See their manuals for more informa-



       upsc(8), upscmd(8), upsrw(8), upslog(8), upsmon(8)

   CGI programs:
       upsset.cgi(8), upsstats.cgi(8), upsimage.cgi(8)

   Driver control:

       apcsmart(8),  belkin(8),  belkinunv(8),  bestuferrups(8),   bestups(8),
       cpsups(8),  cyberpower(8), energizerups(8), etapro(8), everups(8), fen-
       tonups(8),  genericups(8),  ippon(8),  isbmex(8),  liebert(8),  master-
       guard(8), mge-shut(8), mge-utalk(8), oneac(8), powercom(8), safenet(8),
       sms(8), snmp-ups(8), tripplite(8), tripplitesu(8), victronups(8),

   Internet resources:
       The NUT (Network UPS Tools) home page:

                                Mon Oct 25 2004                   NUTUPSDRV(8)

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