PDFTEX(1)                                                            PDFTEX(1)


       pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [commands]


       This  manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The complete documen-
       tation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or  manual
       Web2C: A TeX implementation.

       pdfTeX  is  a  version  of TeX that can create PDF files as well as DVI

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
       output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
       plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
       LaTeX format.

       The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX’s analogues to the ini-
       tex and virtex commands.  In this installation, they  are  symlinks  to
       the pdftex executable.

       pdfTeX’s  handling  of its command-line arguments is similar to that of

       pdfTeX is beta software.


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line  options.

              Print  error messages in the form file:line:error which is simi-
              lar to the way many compilers format them.

       --fmt format
              Use format as the name of the format to be used, instead of  the
              name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

       --help Print help message and exit.

       --ini  Be  pdfinitex,  for  dumping formats; this is implicitly true if
              the program is called as pdfinitex.

       --interaction mode
              Sets the interaction mode.  The mode can be  one  of  batchmode,
              nonstopmode,  scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning of
              these modes is the same as that of the corresponding  \commands.

       --ipc  Send  DVI  or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output
              file.  Whether this option is available is  the  choice  of  the

              As  --ipc,  and  starts  the  server  at  the other end as well.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

       --jobname name
              Use  name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name
              of the input file.

       --kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets path searching debugging flags according  to  the  bitmask.
              See the Kpathsea manual for details.

       --maketex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be one of tex or tfm.

       --no-maketex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be one of tex or tfm.

       --output-comment string
              Use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
              to look for a dump name or a --translate-file option.

       --progname name
              Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the  format  used
              and the search paths.

              Enable  the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files
              opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be  any
              Bourne shell command.  This construct is normally disallowed for
              security reasons.

       --translate-file tcxname
              Use the tcxname translation table.

              Print version information and exit.


       See the Kpathsearch library documentation  (the  ‘Path  specifications’
       node)  for  precise  details of how the environment variables are used.
       The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

       One  caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you
       give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
       expanded,  not  taken as part of the filename.  Other programs, such as
       Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
              If  any  output file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it
              in the directory specified in the environment variable TEXMFOUT-
              PUT.  There is no default value for that variable.  For example,
              if you say  pdftex  paper  and  the  current  directory  is  not
              writable,  if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts to
              create /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is pro-

              Search  path for \input and \openin files.  This should probably
              start with ‘‘.’’, so that user files  are  found  before  system
              files.   An empty path component will be replaced with the paths
              defined in the texmf.cnf file.  For example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
              ".:/home/usr/tex:"   to   prepend   the   current  direcory  and
              ‘‘/home/user/tex’’ to the standard search path.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

              Search path for format files.

              search path for pdfinitex internal strings.

              Command template for switching to editor.  The default,  usually
              vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
       Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

              Encoded text of pdfTeX’s messages.

              Filename mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX’s fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.


       This version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.   In
       fact,  many  of these extensions conflict to a greater or lesser extent
       with the definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are  enabled,  the
       banner  printed  when pdfTeX starts is changed to print pdfTeXk instead
       of pdfTeX.

       This version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic  overflow  when  dimen-
       sions  are  added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but
       when it does the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a  gener-
       ated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

       pdfTeX  is  beta  software.   Subscribe to the pdftex mailing list pdf-
       tex@tug.org if you intend to use it.  This is a majordomo list, to sub-
       scribe send a message containing subscribe pdftex to majordomo@tug.org.


       tex(1), mf(1).


       The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka,  and  Jiri

Web2C 7.4.5                    10 November 2001                      PDFTEX(1)

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