pine(1)                                                                pine(1)


       pine - a Program for Internet News and Email


       pine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]


       Pine  is  a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Pine offers  an  intentionally  limited  set  of  functions
       geared  toward  the  novice  user,  but  it  also has a growing list of
       optional "power-user" and personal-preference  features.   pinef  is  a
       variant  of  Pine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-
       letter commands.  Pine's basic feature set includes:

              View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

              Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and  a
              spelling  checker.   Messages may be postponed for later comple-

              Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

              Address  book  to  keep  a  list  of  long  or   frequently-used
              addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
              Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming  mail
              without retyping them.

              New  mail  checking  and notification occurs automatically every
              2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.  refresh-screen

              On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet
       Standard for representing multipart and multimedia data in email.  Pine
       allows  you  to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can also
       initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses the  sys-
       tem's  mailcap configuration file to determine what program can process
       a particular MIME object type.  Pine's message composer does  not  have
       integral  multimedia  capability, but any type of data file --including
       multimedia-- can be attached to a text message and  sent  using  MIME's
       encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with MIME-capable
       mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many other programs) to  exchange
       formatted  documents,  spread-sheets,  image  files,  etc, via Internet

       Pine uses the c-client messaging API to access local  and  remote  mail
       folders.  This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as well as routines to access remote mail and news servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP (Network  News  Trans-
       port  Protocol).  Outgoing mail is usually handed-off to the Unix send-
       mail, program but it can optionally be posted directly via SMTP (Simple
       Mail Transfer Protocol).


       The command line options/arguments are:

       address             Send  mail  to address.  This will cause Pine to go
                           directly into the message composer.

       -attach file        Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
                           Send mail with the listed file-list as  an  attach-

       -attach_and_delete file
                           Send  mail  with  the listed file as an attachment,
                           and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
                           PC-Pine only. When using a remote configuration (-p
                           <remote_config>)   this  tells  PC-Pine  the  local
                           directory to use for storing auxiliary files,  like
                           debug files, address books, and signature files.

       -bail               Exit  if the pinerc file does not exist. This might
                           be useful if the config file is accessed using some
                           remote  filesystem protocol. If the remote mount is
                           missing this will cause Pine  to  quit  instead  of
                           creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number  is  the number corresponding to the
                           folder-collection to  which  the  -f  command  line
                           argument  should  be  applied.   By  default the -f
                           argument is applied to the  first  defined  folder-

       -conf               Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
                           figuration file, pine.conf, on the standard output.
                           This is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
                           Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
                           Copy  the  local  address  book  file  to  a remote
                           address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
                           Copy the local  pinerc  file  to  a  remote  pinerc

       -create_lu addrbook sort-order
                           Creates  auxiliarly  index (look-up) file for addr-
                           book and sorts addrbook in sort-order, which may be
                           dont-sort, nickname, fullname, nickname-with-lists-
                           last,  or  fullname-with-lists-last.   Useful  when
                           creating  global  or  shared  address books.  After
                           creating the index  file  in  this  way,  the  file
                           should  be moved or copied in a way which preserves
                           the mtime of the address book file.  The  mtime  of
                           the  address  book  file at the time the index file
                           was built is stored inside the  index  file  and  a
                           comparison  between  that stored value and the cur-
                           rent mtime of the address book file  is  done  when
                           somebody runs pine.  If the mtime has changed since
                           the index file was made, then  pine  will  want  to
                           rebuild  the  index  file.   In  other words, don't
                           build the index file with this option and then copy
                           the  address book to its final destination in a way
                           which changes the file's mtime.

       -d debug-level      Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to  the
                           current  .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0 turns
                           debugging off and suppresses the .pine-debug  file.

       -d key[=val]        Fine  tuned  output  of  diagnostic  messages where
                           "flush" causes debug file writing  without  buffer-
                           ing, "timestamp" appends each message with a times-
                           tamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0  and  4  repre-
                           senting  none  to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
                           "numfiles=n" where n is between  0  and  31  corre-
                           sponding  to the number of debug files to maintain,
                           and "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and 9 indicat-
                           ing an inverse threshold for message output.

       -f folder           Open  folder  (in  first defined folder collection,
                           use -c n to specify another collection) instead  of

       -F file             Open  named text file and view with Pine's browser.

       -h                  Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i                  Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes       Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes  which
                           Pine should execute on startup.

       -k                  Use function keys for commands. This is the same as
                           running the command pinef.

       -n number           Start up with current message-number set to number.

       -o                  Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file      Use  config-file as the personal configuration file
                           instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file      Use config-file as the configuration  file  instead
                           of    default    system-wide   configuration   file

       -pinerc file        Output fresh pinerc configuration to file, preserv-
                           ing  the  settings  of  variables that the user has
                           made.  Use file set to ``-'' to make output  go  to
                           standard  out.   <IP>  -registry cmd 20 For PC-Pine
                           only, this option affects the values of Pine's reg-
                           istry  entries.   Possible  values for cmd are set,
                           clear, and dump.  Set will always reset Pine's reg-
                           istry  entries  according  to its current settings.
                           Clear will clear the registry  values.   Dump  will
                           display  the  values  of current registry settings.
                           Note that the dump command is  currently  disabled.
                           Without  the  -registry  option, PC-Pine will write
                           values into the registry only  if  there  currently
                           aren't any values set.

       -r                  Use restricted/demo mode.  Pine will only send mail
                           to itself and functions like save  and  export  are

       -sort order         Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the follow-
                           ing orders: arrival,  date,  subject,  orderedsubj,
                           thread,  from,  size,  score,  to,  cc, or reverse.
                           Arrival order  is  the  default.   The  OrderedSubj
                           choice  simulates a threaded sort.  Any sort may be
                           reversed by adding  /reverse  to  it.   Reverse  by
                           itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported          Some  options may or may not be supported depending
                           on how Pine was compiled.  This is a way to  deter-
                           mine  which options are supported in the particular
                           copy of Pine you are using.

       -url url            Open the given url.  Cannot be used with -f, -F, or
                           -attach options.

       -v                  Version: Print version information.

       -version            Version: Print version information.

       -x config           Use configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions
                           are used to override your default  pinerc  settings
                           for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
                           remote folder.

       -z                  Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be suspended.

       -option=value       Assign value to the config option option e.g. -sig-
                           nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
                           tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)


       There are several levels of Pine configuration.   Configuration  values
       at  a  given  level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.  In
       order of increasing precedence:

        o built-in defaults.
        o system-wide pine.conf file.
        o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
        o command-line options.
        o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There is one exception  to  the  rule  that  configuration  values  are
       replaced  by  the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file:
       the feature-list variable has values that  are  additive,  but  can  be
       negated  by  prepending  "no-"  in front of an individual feature name.
       Unix Pine also uses the following environment variables:

         DISPLAY     (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
         SHELL       (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
         MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)


       /var/spool/mail/xxxx        Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail                      Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook              Default address book file.
       ~/           Default address book index file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]          Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc                   Personal pine config file.
       ~/.newsrc                   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.signature                Default signature file.
       ~/.mailcap                  Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types               Personal  file  extension to MIME type map-
       /etc/mailcap                System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types             System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/lib/          Local pointer to system administrator.
       /etc/pine.conf              System-wide configuration file.
       /etc/pine.conf.fixed         Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\var\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs       For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail            Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages       Default destination for Saving messages.


       pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),  sendmail(8),  spell(1),

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Pine Information Center:
       Source distribution:
       Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.


       The University of Washington Pine development team (part of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

        Project Leader:           Mike Seibel
        Principal authors:        Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade*
        C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
        Pico, the PIne COmposer:  Mike Seibel
        Documentation:            Many people!
        PC-Pine for Windows:      Tom Unger, Mike Seibel
        Project oversight:        Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
        Principal Patrons:        Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
        Additional support:       NorthWestNet
        Initial Pine code base:   Elm, by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
        Initial Pico code base:   MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
        User Interface design:    Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
        Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks from all over!


       Copyright 1989-2002 by the University of Washington.
       Pine and Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.

       $Date: 2002/01/08 16:03:14 $

                                 Version 4.44                          pine(1)

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