Ppmlabel User Manual(0)                                Ppmlabel User Manual(0)


       ppmlabel - add text to a PPM image



       [-angle angle]

       [-background { transparent | color } ]

       [-color color]

       [-file filename]



       [-text text_string]

       [-x column]

       [-y row]




       This program is part of Netpbm(1).

       ppmlabel  uses the text drawing facilities of libnetpbm’s ’ppmd’ compo-
       nent to add text to a PBM image.  You control the location, size, base-
       line  angle, color of the text, and background color (if any) with com-
       mand line arguments.  You can specify the text on the command  line  or
       supply it in files.

       You  can  add  any  number of separate labels in a single invocation of
       ppmlabel, limited only by any restrictions your environment has on  the
       number  and  size  of  program  arguments  (e.g. a shell’s command size

       If you don’t specify ppmfile, ppmlabel reads its input PPM  image  from
       Standard Input.

       The output image goes to Standard Output.

       A  more  sophisticated way to add a label to an image is to use pbmtext
       or pbmtextps to create an image of the text, then pamcomp to overlay it
       onto the base image.

       Another  more  general  program  is ppmdraw.  With ppmdraw, you can add
       multiple labels, via a script.  That saves a  lot  of  overhead  versus
       invoking ppmlabel multiple times.


       The  arguments  on  the  ppmlabel  command  line are not options in the
       strict sense;  they  are  commands  which  control  the  placement  and
       appearance  of the text being added to the input pixmap.  They are exe-
       cuted left to right, and any number of arguments may appear.

       You can abbreviate any option to its shortest unique prefix.

       -angle angle
              This option sets the angle of the baseline of  subsequent  text.
              angle  is  an integral number of degrees, measured counterclock-
              wise from the row axis of the image.

       -background { transparent | color }
              If the argument is transparent, ppmlabel draws the text over the
              existing  pixels in the pixmap.  If you specify a color (see the
              -color option below for information on how to  specify  colors),
              ppmlabel  generates  background  rectangles enclosing subsequent
              text, and those rectangles are filled with that color.

       -color color
              This option sets the color for subsequent text.

              Specify the color (color) as described for the argument  of  the
              ppm_parsecolor() library routine .

              -colour is an acceptable alternate spelling.

       -file filename
              This  option causes ppmlabel to read lines of text from the file
              named filename and draw it on successive lines.

       -size textsize
              This option sets the height of the tallest characters above  the
              baseline to textsize pixels.

       -text text_string
              This  option  causes ppmlabel to draw the specified text string.
              It advances the location for subsequent text by 1.75  times  the
              current textsize, which allows drawing multiple lines of text in
              a reasonable manner without  specifying  the  position  of  each

              Note  that  if  you invoke ppmlabel via a shell command and your
              text string contains spaces, you’ll have  to  quote  it  so  the
              shell treats the whole string as a single token.  E.g.
                $ ppmlabel -text "this is my text" baseimage.ppm >annotatedimage.ppm

       -x column
              This  option sets the pixel column at which subsequent text will
              be left justified.  Depending on the shape of the first  charac-
              ter, the actual text may begin a few pixels to the right of this

       -y row This option sets the pixel row which will form the  baseline  of
              subsequent  text.  Characters with descenders, such as "y," will
              extend below this line.


       Text strings are restricted to 7 bit ASCII.  The text font used by ppm-
       label doesn’t include definitions for 8 bit ISO 8859/1 characters.

       When  drawing multiple lines of text with a non-transparent background,
       it should probably fill the space between the lines with the background
       color.   This is tricky to get right when the text is rotated to a non-
       orthogonal angle.


       ppmmake(1), ppmdraw(1), pbmtext(1), pbmtextps(1), pamcomp(1), ppm(1)


       Copyright (C) 1995 by John Walker (kelvin@fourmilab.ch) WWW home  page:

       Permission  to  use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
       documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,  with-
       out  any  conditions  or  restrictions.  This software is provided ‘‘as
       is’’ without express or implied warranty.

netpbm documentation             23 June 2005          Ppmlabel User Manual(0)

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