RECODE(1)                             FSF                            RECODE(1)


       recode - manual page for recode 3.6


       recode [OPTION]... [ [CHARSET] | REQUEST [FILE]... ]


       Free  ‘recode’  converts  files between various character sets and sur-

       If a long option shows an argument as mandatory, then it  is  mandatory
       for  the  equivalent  short  option also.  Similarly for optional argu-

       -l, --list[=FORMAT]
              list one or all known charsets and aliases

       -k, --known=PAIRS
              restrict charsets according to known PAIRS list

       -h, --header[=[LN/]NAME]
              write table NAME on stdout using LN, then exit

       -F, --freeze-tables
              write out a C module holding all tables

       -T, --find-subsets
              report all charsets being subset of others

       -C, --copyright
              display Copyright and copying conditions

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

   Operation modes:
       -v, --verbose
              explain sequence of steps and report progress

       -q, --quiet, --silent
              inhibit messages about irreversible recodings

       -f, --force
              force recodings even when not reversible

       -t, --touch
              touch the recoded files after replacement

       -i, --sequence=files
              use intermediate files for sequencing passes

              use memory buffers for sequencing passes

       -p, --sequence=pipe
              use pipe machinery for sequencing passes

   Fine tuning:
       -s, --strict
              use strict mappings, even loose characters

       -d, --diacritics
              convert only diacritics or alike for HTML/LaTeX

       -S, --source[=LN]
              limit recoding to strings and comments as for LN

       -c, --colons
              use colons instead of double quotes for diaeresis

       -g, --graphics
              approximate IBMPC rulers by ASCII graphics

       -x, --ignore=CHARSET
              ignore CHARSET while choosing a recoding path

       Option -l with no FORMAT nor CHARSET list available charsets  and  sur-
       faces.   FORMAT  is ‘decimal’, ‘octal’, ‘hexadecimal’ or ‘full’ (or one
       of ‘dohf’).  Unless DEFAULT_CHARSET  is  set  in  environment,  CHARSET
       defaults  to  the  locale  dependent  encoding,  determined  by LC_ALL,
       LC_CTYPE, LANG.  With -k, possible before charsets are listed  for  the
       given  after  CHARSET,  both  being tabular charsets, with PAIRS of the
       form ‘BEF1:AFT1,BEF2:AFT2,...’  and BEFs and AFTs being codes are given
       as  decimal  numbers.   LN  is  some language, it may be ‘c’, ‘perl’ or
       ‘po’; ‘c’ is the default.

       ING]...  ENCODING is [CHARSET][/[SURFACE]]...; REQUEST often looks like
       BEFORE..AFTER, with  BEFORE  and  AFTER  being  charsets.   An  omitted
       CHARSET  implies  the usual charset; an omitted [/SURFACE]... means the
       implied surfaces for CHARSET; a / with an empty surface name  means  no
       surfaces at all.  See the manual.

       If  none  of -i and -p are given, presume -p if no FILE, else -i.  Each
       FILE is recoded over itself, destroying the original.  If  no  FILE  is
       specified, then act as a filter and recode stdin to stdout.


       Written by Franc,ois Pinard <>.


       Report bugs to <>.


       Copyright © 1990, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO  warranty;  not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR


       The full documentation for recode is maintained as  a  Texinfo  manual.
       If  the  info  and recode programs are properly installed at your site,
       the command

              info recode

       should give you access to the complete manual.

Free recode 3.6                   March 2004                         RECODE(1)

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