1(RXVT)                      X Tools                      1(RXVT)


       rxvt (ouR XVT) - a VT102 emulator for the X window system


       rxvt [options] [-e command [ args ]]


       rxvt,  version  2.7.5, is a colour vt102 terminal emulator
       intended as an xterm(1) replacement for users who  do  not
       require  features  such  as  Tektronix  4014 emulation and
       toolkit-style configurability.  As  a  result,  rxvt  uses
       much  less  swap  space  --  a  significant advantage on a
       machine serving many X sessions.


       The rxvt options (mostly a subset of xterm´s)  are  listed
       below.   In keeping with the smaller-is-better philosophy,
       options may be eliminated or default values chosen at com­
       pile-time,  so  options  and defaults listed may not accu­
       rately reflect  the  version  installed  on  your  system.
       `rxvt  -h´  gives  a list of major compile-time options on
       the usage line.  Option descriptions may be prefixed  with
       which  compile  option each is dependent upon.  e.g. `Com­
       pile XIM:´ requires XIM on the usage  line.   Note:  `rxvt
       -help´ gives a list of all options compiled into your ver­

       Note that rxvt permits the resource name to be used  as  a
       long-option  (--/++  option) so the potential command-line
       options are far greater than those listed.   For  example:
       `rxvt --loginShell --color1 Orange´.

       -help, --help
              Print out a message describing available options.

       -display displayname
              Attempt to open a window on the named X display (-d
              still respected).  In the absence of  this  option,
              the  display  specified  by the DISPLAY environment
              variable is used.

       -geometry geom
              Window  geometry  (-g  still  respected);  resource

              Turn   on/off  simulated  reverse  video;  resource

              Turn  on/off  inheriting  parent  window´s  pixmap.
              Alternative form is -tr; resource inheritPixmap.

       -bg colour
              Window background colour; resource background.

       -fg colour
              Window foreground colour; resource foreground.

       -pixmap: file[;geom]
              Compile  XPM:  Specify  XPM file for the background
              and also optionally  specify  its  scaling  with  a
              geometry  string.   Note you may need to add quotes
              to avoid special shell interpretation of the `;´ in
              the command-line; resource backgroundPixmap.

       -cr colour
              The cursor colour; resource cursorColor.

       -pr colour
              The mouse pointer colour; resource pointerColor.

       -bd colour
              The  colour of the border between the xterm scroll­
              bar and the text; resource borderColor.

       -fn fontname
              Main normal text font; resource font.

       -fb fontname
              Main bold text font; resource boldFont.

       -fm fontname
              Main multicharacter font; resource mfont.

       -km mode
              Multiple-character font-set  encoding  mode;  eucj:
              EUC  Japanese  encoding.  sjis: Shift JIS encoding.
              big5: BIG5 encoding.  gb:  GB  encoding.   kr:  EUC
              Korean encoding.  noenc: no encoding; resource mul­

       -grk mode
              Greek keyboard translation; iso: ISO-8859  mapping.
              ibm: IBM-437 mapping; resource greek_keyboard.

       -name name
              Specify  the application name under which resources
              are to be obtained, rather than  the  default  exe­
              cutable  file name.  Name should not contain `.´ or
              `*´ characters.  Also sets the icon and title name.

              Start  as  a login-shell/sub-shell; resource login­

              Compile utmp: Inhibit/enable writing a utmp  entry;
              resource utmpInhibit.

              Turn  on/off visual bell on receipt of a bell char­
              acter; resource visualBell.

              Turn on/off scrollbar; resource scrollBar.

              Turn on/off scroll-to-bottom on TTY output inhibit;
              resource scrollTtyOutput has opposite effect.

              Turn  on/off scroll-to-bottom on keypress; resource

              Put  scrollbar  on  right/left;  resource   scroll­

              Display  normal  (non  XTerm/NeXT)  scrollbar with­
              out/with a trough; resource scrollBar_floating.

              Start iconified, if  the  window  manager  supports
              that option.  Alternative form is -ic.

       -sl number
              Save  number  lines  in the scrollback buffer.  See
              resource entry for limits; resource saveLines.

       -b number
              Compile frills: Internal border of  number  pixels.
              See  resource  entry for limits; resource internal­

       -w number
              Compile frills: External border of  number  pixels.
              Also, -bw and -borderwidth.  See resource entry for
              limits; resource externalBorder.

       -tn termname
              This option specifies the name of the terminal type
              to  be  set  in the TERM environment variable. This
              terminal type must exist in the termcap(5) database
              and  should  have  li#  and  co#  entries; resource

       -e command [arguments]
              Run the command with its command-line arguments  in
              the  rxvt  window;  also  sets the window title and
              icon name to be the basename of the  program  being
              executed if neither -title (-T) nor -n are given on
              the command line.  If this option is used, it  must
              be the last on the command-line.  If there is no -e
              option then the default is to run the program spec­
              ified by the SHELL environment variable or, failing
              that, sh(1).

       -title text
              Window title  (-T  still  respected);  the  default
              title  is  the  basename  of  the program specified
              after the -e option, if any, otherwise the applica­
              tion name; resource title.

       -n text
              Icon  name; the default name is the basename of the
              program specified after the -e option, if any, oth­
              erwise the application name; resource iconName.

       -C     Capture system console messages.

       -pt style
              Compile  XIM:  input  style for input method; Over­
              TheSpot, OffTheSpot, Root; resource preeditType.

       -im text
              Compile XIM: input method  name.   resource  input­

       -mod modifier
              Override  detection of Meta modifier with specified
              key: alt, meta, hyper,  super,  mod1,  mod2,  mod3,
              mod4, mod5; resource modifier.

       -xrm resourcestring
              No  effect on rxvt.  Simply passes through an argu­
              ment to be made available in the  instance´s  argu­
              ment  list.   Appears  in WM_COMMAND in some window

RESOURCES (available also as long-options)

       Note: `rxvt --help´ gives a list of  all  resources  (long
       options)  compiled  into  your  version.  If compiled with
       internal Xresources support  (i.e.  rxvt  -h  lists  .Xde­
       faults) then rxvt accepts application defaults set in XAP­
       PLOADDIR/Rxvt     (compile-time      defined:      usually
       /usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/Rxvt)   and   resources  set  in
       ~/.Xdefaults, or ~/.Xresources if  ~/.Xdefaults  does  not
       exist.   Note  that  when reading X resources, rxvt recog­
       nizes two class names: XTerm and  Rxvt.   The  class  name
       XTerm allows resources common to both rxvt and xterm to be
       easily  configured,  while  the  class  name  Rxvt  allows
       resources  unique  to  rxvt,  notably colours and key-han­
       dling, to be shared between different rxvt configurations.
       If  no  resources are specified, suitable defaults will be
       used.  Command-line arguments  can  be  used  to  override
       resource settings.  The following resources are allowed:

       geometry: geom
              Create the window with the specified X window geom­
              etry [default 80x24]; option -geometry.

       background: colour
              Use the specified colour as the window´s background
              colour [default White]; option -bg.

       foreground: colour
              Use the specified colour as the window´s foreground
              colour [default Black]; option -fg.

       colorn: colour
              Use the specified colour for the  colour  value  n,
              where  0-7  corresponds  to  low-intensity (normal)
              colours  and  8-15  corresponds  to  high-intensity
              (bold  =  bright  foreground,  blink = bright back­
              ground) colours.  The canonical names are  as  fol­
              lows:  0=black,  1=red,  2=green, 3=yellow, 4=blue,
              5=magenta, 6=cyan, 7=white, but the  actual  colour
              names  used  are  listed in the COLORS AND GRAPHICS

       colorBD: colour
              Use the specified colour to display bold characters
              when the foreground colour is the default.

       colorUL: colour
              Use  the  specified  colour  to  display underlined
              characters  when  the  foreground  colour  is   the

       colorRV: colour
              Use  the  specified  colour  as  the background for
              reverse video characters.

       cursorColor: colour
              Use the  specified  colour  for  the  cursor.   The
              default  is  to  use  the foreground colour; option

       cursorColor2: colour
              Use the specified colour for the colour of the cur­
              sor  text.   For  this  to take effect, cursorColor
              must also be specified.  The default is to use  the
              background colour.

       reverseVideo: boolean
              True:  simulate  reverse  video  by  foreground and
              background  colours;  option  -rv,  False:  regular
              screen  colours [default]; option +rv.  See note in
              COLORS AND GRAPHICS section.

       inheritPixmap: boolean
              True: make the background inherit the  parent  win­
              dows´   pixmap,   giving  artificial  transparency.
              False: do not inherit the parent windows´ pixmap.

       scrollColor: colour
              Use the specified colour for the scrollbar [default

       troughColor: colour
              Use the specified colour for the scrollbar´s trough
              area [default #969696].  Only relevant  for  normal
              (non XTerm/NeXT) scrollbar.

       backgroundPixmap: file[;geom]
              Use  the specified XPM file (note the `.xpm´ exten­
              sion is  optional)  for  the  background  and  also
              optionally  specify  its  scaling  with  a geometry
              string WxH+X+Y, in which "W" / "H" specify the hor­
              izontal/vertical  scale  (percent)  and  "X"  / "Y"
              locate the image centre (percent).  A  scale  of  0
              displays  the image with tiling.  A scale of 1 dis­
              plays the image without any scaling.  A scale of  2
              to  9 specifies an integer number of images in that
              direction.  No image will be  magnified  beyond  10
              times  its  original  size.   The maximum permitted
              scale is 1000.  [default 0x0+50+50]

       menu: file[;tag]
              Read in the specified menu file (note  the  `.menu´
              extension  is optional) and also optionally specify
              a starting tag to find.  See the reference documen­
              tation for details on the syntax for the menuBar.

       path: path
              Specify the colon-delimited search path for finding
              files (XPM and menus), in  addition  to  the  paths
              specified  by  the  RXVTPATH  and  PATH environment

       font: fontname
              Select the main  text  font  used  [default  7x14];
              option -fn.

       fontn: fontname
              Specify  the  alternative font n.  The default font

                     font:      7x14
                     font1:     6x10
                     font2:     6x13
                     font3:     8x13
                     font4:     9x15

       boldFont: fontname
              Specify the name of the bold font to use if colorBD
              has  not  been  specified and it is not possible to
              map the default foreground colour  to  colour  8-15
              [default  NONE].  This font must be the same height
              and width as the normal font; option -fb.

       mfont: fontname
              Select the main multiple-character text  font  used
              [default k14]; option -fk.

       mfontn: fontname
              Specify  the alternative multiple-character font n.
              If compiled for multiple-character fonts, the Roman
              and multiple-character font sizes should match.

       multichar_encoding: mode
              Set  the encoding mode to be used when multicharac­
              ter encoding is received; eucj: EUC Japanese encod­
              ing [default for Kanji].  sjis: Shift JIS encoding.
              big5: BIG5 encoding.  gb:  GB  encoding.   kr:  EUC
              Korean encoding.  noenc: no encoding; option -km.

       greek_keyboard: mode
              Set the Greek keyboard translation mode to be used;
              iso: ISO-8859 mapping (elot-928)  [default].   ibm:
              IBM-437  mapping  (DOS  codepage 737); option -grk.
              Use Mode_switch to toggle keyboard input.  For more
              details, see the distributed file README.greek.

       selectstyle: text
              Set  mouse  selection  style  to old which is 2.20,
              oldword which is xterm style  with  2.20  old  word
              selection, or anything else which gives xterm style

       scrollstyle: text
              Set scrollbar style to rxvt, next or xterm

       title: text
              Set window title string, the default title  is  the
              command-line specified after the -e option, if any,
              otherwise the application name; option -title.

       iconName: text
              Set the name used to label  the  window´s  icon  or
              displayed  in  an icon manager window, it also sets
              the window´s title unless  it  is  explicitly  set;
              option -n.

       mapAlert: boolean
              True: de-iconify (map) on receipt of a bell charac­
              ter.  False: no de-iconify (map) on  receipt  of  a
              bell character [default].

       visualBell: boolean
              True:  use visual bell on receipt of a bell charac­
              ter; option -vb.  False: no visual bell  [default];
              option +vb.

       loginShell: boolean
              True: start as a login shell by prepending a `-´ to
              argv[0] of the shell; option -ls.  False: start  as
              a normal sub-shell [default]; option +ls.

       utmpInhibit: boolean
              True:  inhibit  writing  record into the system log
              file utmp; option -ut.  False:  write  record  into
              the system log file utmp [default]; option +ut.

       print-pipe: string
              Specify  a  command pipe for vt100 printer [default
              lpr(1)].  Use Print to initiate a  screen  dump  to
              the   printer  and  Ctrl-Print  or  Shift-Print  to
              include the scrollback as well.

       scrollBar: boolean
              True: enable the scrollbar [default];  option  -sb.
              False: disable the scrollbar; option +sb.

       scrollBar_right: boolean
              True:  place the scrollbar on the right of the win­
              dow; option -sr.  False: place the scrollbar on the
              left of the window; option +sr.

       scrollBar_floating: boolean
              True:  display  an rxvt scrollbar without a trough;
              option -st.  False: display an rxvt scrollbar  with
              a trough; option +st.

       scrollTtyOutput: boolean
              True:  scroll  to  bottom when tty receives output;
              option(+si).  False: do not scroll to  bottom  when
              tty receives output; option(-si).

       scrollTtyKeypress: boolean
              True:  scroll  to  bottom when a non-special key is
              pressed.  Special keys are those which  are  inter­
              cepted  by  rxvt  for  special handling and are not
              passed onto the shell; option(-sk).  False: do  not
              scroll to bottom when a non-special key is pressed;

       smallfont_key: keysym
              If enabled, use Alt-keysym to toggle to  a  smaller
              font [default Alt-<]

       bigfont_key: keysym
              If  enabled,  use  Alt-keysym to toggle to a bigger
              font [default Alt->]

       saveLines: number
              Save number lines in the scrollback buffer [default
              64].   This resource is limited on most machines to
              65535; option -sl.

       internalBorder: number
              Internal border of number pixels. This resource  is
              limited to 100; option -b.

       externalBorder: number
              External border of number pixels.  This resource is
              limited to 100; option -w, -bw, -borderwidth.

       termName: termname
              Specifies the terminal type name to be set  in  the
              TERM environment variable; option -tn.

       meta8: boolean
              True:  handle  Meta (Alt) + keypress to set the 8th
              bit.  False: handle Meta (Alt)  +  keypress  as  an
              escape prefix [default].

       backspacekey: string
              The  string  to  send  when  the  backspace  key is
              pressed.  If set to  DEC  or  unset  it  will  send
              Delete  (code  127) or, if shifted, Backspace (code
              8) - which can be reversed with the appropriate DEC
              private mode escape sequence.

       deletekey: string
              The  string  to  send  when the delete key (not the
              keypad delete key) is pressed.  If  unset  it  will
              send the sequence traditionally associated with the
              Execute key.

       cutchars: string
              The characters used as delimiters for  double-click
              word selection.  The built-in default:
              BACKSLASH `"´&()*,;<=>?@[]{|}

       preeditType: style
              OverTheSpot, OffTheSpot, Root; option -pt.

       inputMethod: name
              name of inputMethod to use; option -im.

       modifier: modifier
              Set  the  key to be interpreted as the Meta key to:
              alt, meta, hyper, super, mod1,  mod2,  mod3,  mod4,
              mod5; option -mod.

       answerbackString: string
              Specify  the  reply rxvt sends to the shell when an
              ENQ (control-E) character is  passed  through.   It
              may contain escape values as described in the entry
              on keysym following.

       keysym.sym: string
              Associate string with keysym sym (0xFF00 - 0xFFFF).
              It   may  contain  escape  values  (\a:  bell,  \b:
              backspace, \e, \E: escape, \n: newline, \r: return,
              \t:  tab, \000: octal number) or control characters
              (^?: delete, ^@: null, ^A  ...)  and  may  enclosed
              with double quotes so that it can start or end with
              whitespace.  The intervening resource name  keysym.
              cannot be omitted.  This resource is only available
              when compiled with KEYSYM_RESOURCE.


       Lines of text that scroll off the top of the  rxvt  window
       (resource:  saveLines)  and can be scrolled back using the
       scrollbar or by keystrokes.  The normal rxvt scrollbar has
       arrows  and its behaviour is fairly intuitive.  The xterm-
       scrollbar is without arrows and its behaviour mimics  that
       of xterm

       Scroll  down with Button1 (xterm-scrollbar) or Shift-Next.
       Scroll up with Button3 (xterm-scrollbar)  or  Shift-Prior.
       Continuous scroll with Button2.


       To  temporarily  override  mouse reporting, for either the
       scrollbar or the  normal  text  selection/insertion,  hold
       either  the  Shift  or the Meta (Alt) key while performing
       the desired mouse action.

       If mouse reporting mode is active,  the  normal  scrollbar
       actions  are  disabled  --  on  the assumption that we are
       using a fullscreen application.  Instead, pressing Button1
       and  Button3  sends  ESC[6~  (Next)  and  ESC[5~  (Prior),
       respectively.  Similarly, clicking  on  the  up  and  down
       arrows sends ESC[A (Up) and ESC[B (Down), respectively.


       The behaviour of text selection and insertion mechanism is
       similar to xterm(1).

              Left click at the beginning of the region, drag  to
              the  end  of the region and release; Right click to
              extend the  marked  region;  Left  double-click  to
              select  a  word;  Left  triple-click  to select the
              entire line.

              Pressing and releasing the Middle mouse button  (or
              Shift-Insert)  in an rxvt window causes the current
              text selection to be inserted as  if  it  had  been
              typed on the keyboard.


       You  can  change  fonts  on-the-fly, which is to say cycle
       through the default font and others of various  sizes,  by
       using  Shift-KP_Add  and  Shift-KP_Subtract.  Or, alterna­
       tively (if enabled) with Alt-> and Alt-<, where the actual
       key  can  be  selected  using resources smallfont_key/big­


       rxvt tries to write an entry into the utmp(5) file so that
       it can be seen via the who(1) command, and can accept mes­
       sages.  To allow this  feature,  rxvt  must  be  installed
       setuid root on some systems.


       If  graphics support was enabled at compile-time, rxvt can
       be queried with ANSI  escape  sequences  and  can  address
       individual  pixels  instead  of text characters.  Note the
       graphics support is still considered beta code.

       In addition  to  the  default  foreground  and  background
       colours, rxvt can display up to 16 colours (8 ANSI colours
       plus high-intensity  bold/blink  versions  of  the  same).
       Here is a list of the colours with their rgb.txt names.

       color0         (black)              = Black
       color1         (red)                = Red3
       color2         (green)              = Green3
       color3         (yellow)             = Yellow3
       color4         (blue)               = Blue3
       color5         (magenta)            = Magenta3
       color6         (cyan)               = Cyan3
       color7         (white)              = AntiqueWhite

       color8         (bright black)       = Grey25
       color9         (bright red)         = Red
       color10        (bright green)       = Green
       color11        (bright yellow)      = Yellow
       color12        (bright blue)        = Blue
       color13        (bright magenta)     = Magenta
       color14        (bright cyan)        = Cyan
       color15        (bright white)       = White
       foreground                          = Black
       background                          = White

       It  is also possible to specify the colour values of fore­
       ground, background,  cursorColor,  cursorColor2,  colorBD,
       colorUL  as  a  number  0-15, as a convenient shorthand to
       reference the colour name of color0-color15.

       Note that -rv  ("reverseVideo:  True")  simulates  reverse
       video   by   always   swapping  the  foreground/background
       colours.  This  is  in  contrast  to  xterm(1)  where  the
       colours  are  only swapped if they have not otherwise been
       specified.  For example,

       rxvt -fg Black -bg White -rv
              would yield White on Black, while  on  xterm(1)  it
              would yield Black on White.


       rxvt  sets  the  environment variables TERM, COLORTERM and
       COLORFGBG.  The environment variable WINDOWID  is  set  to
       the X window id number of the rxvt window and it also uses
       and sets the environment variable DISPLAY to specify which
       display  terminal to use.  rxvt uses the environment vari­
       ables RXVTPATH and PATH to find XPM files.


              System file for login records.

              Color names.


       xterm(1), sh(1), resize(1), X(1), pty(4), tty(4), utmp(5)

       See rxvtRef.html rxvtRef.txt for detailed  information  on
       recognized escape sequences and menuBar syntax, etc.


       Check the BUGS file for an up-to-date list.

       Cursor change support is not yet implemented.

       Click-and-drag doesn´t work with X11 mouse report overrid­

       Graphics support is fairly crude.


       rxvt-2.7.5.tar.gz can be found at the following ftp  sites


       Project Coordinator
              Geoff Wing <gcw@rxvt.org>

       Web page maintainter
              Oezguer Kesim <oec@rxvt.org>

       Mailing list
              The  Rxvt  Workers  <rxvt-workers@rxvt.org> mailing
              list has also been established  for  rxvt  develop­
              ment,  to  subscribe,  email  to <rxvt-workers-sub­
              scribe@rxvt.org>.  There is also a mailing list for
              announcements  of  new  releases  of  rxvt. To sub­
              scribe,      email      to      <rxvt-announce-sub­


       John Bovey
              University of Kent, 1992, wrote the original Xvt.

       Rob Nation <nation@rocket.sanders.lockheed.com>
              very heavily modified Xvt and came up with Rxvt

       Angelo Haritsis <ah@doc.ic.ac.uk>
              wrote the Greek Keyboard Input

       mj olesen <olesen@me.QueensU.CA>
              Wrote the menu system.
              Project Coordinator (changes.txt 2.11 to 2.21)

       Oezguer Kesim <kesim@math.fu-berlin.de>
              Project Coordinator (changes.txt 2.21a to 2.4.5)

       Geoff Wing <gcw@pobox.com>
              Rewrote screen display and text selection routines.
              Project Coordinator (changes.txt 2.4.6 - )

X Version 11            19 SEPTEMBER 2000                 1(RXVT)

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