SCAN(1)                                                                SCAN(1)


       scan - produce a one line per message scan listing


       scan    [+folder]   [msgs]   [-clear]   [-noclear]   [-form formatfile]
            [-format string] [-header] [-noheader] [-width columns] [-reverse]
            [-noreverse] [-file filename]
            [-version] [-help]


       Scan produces a one-line-per-message listing of the specified folder or
       messages.  Each scan line contains the message number (name), the date,
       the  "From:"  field,  the "Subject" field, and, if room allows, some of
       the body of the message.  For example:

            15+  10/05 crocker    nned  Last week I asked some of
            16-  10/05 crocker    message id format  I recommend
            18   10/06 brien      Re: Exit status from mkdir
            19   10/07*brien      "scan" listing format in nmh

       The `+' on message 15 indicates that it is the current message.

       The `-' on message 16 indicates that it has been replied to,  as  indi-
       cated  by a "Replied:" component (produced by the `-annotate' switch to
       the repl command).

       The `*' on message 19 indicates that no  "Date:"  header  was  present.
       The time of last modification of the message is given instead.

       If  there  is  sufficient room left on the scan line after the subject,
       the line will be filled with text from the body, preceded  by  <<,  and
       terminated  by  >>  if  the  body is sufficiently short.  Scan actually
       reads each of the specified messages and parses  them  to  extract  the
       desired  fields.   During  parsing,  appropriate error messages will be
       produced if there are format errors in any of the messages.

       By default, scan will decode RFC-2047 (MIME)  encoding  in  these  scan
       listings.   Scan  will  only  decode  these fields if your terminal can
       natively display the character set used in the  encoding.   You  should
       set  the  MM_CHARSET environment variable to your native character set,
       if it is not US-ASCII.  See the  mh-profile(5)  man  page  for  details
       about this environment variable.

       The switch `-reverse', makes scan list the messages in reverse order.

       The `-file filename' switch allows the user to obtain a scan listing of
       a maildrop file as produced by packf.  This listing includes every mes-
       sage  in  the  file  (you  can't scan individual messages).  The switch
       `-reverse' is ignored with this option.

       The switch `-width columns' may be used to specify  the  width  of  the
       scan line.  The default is to use the width of the terminal.

       The  `-header' switch produces a header line prior to the scan listing.
       Currently, the name of the folder and the current  date  and  time  are
       output (see the HISTORY section for more information).

       If  the `-clear' switch is used and scan's output is directed to a ter-
       minal, then scan will  consult  the  environment  variables  $TERM  and
       $TERMCAP  to  determine  your terminal type in order to find out how to
       clear the screen prior to exiting.  If the `-clear' switch is used  and
       scan's  output  is not directed to a terminal (e.g., a pipe or a file),
       then scan will send a formfeed prior to exiting.

       For example, the command:

            (scan -clear -header; show all -show pr -f) | lpr

       produces a scan listing of the current folder, followed by a  formfeed,
       followed  by a formatted listing of all messages in the folder, one per
       page.  Omitting `-show pr -f' will cause the messages  to  be  concate-
       nated, separated by a one-line header and two blank lines.

       To  override  the  output  format used by scan, the `-format string' or
       `-form file' switches are used.  This permits individual fields of  the
       scan  listing to be extracted with ease.  The string is simply a format
       string and the file is simply a format file.  See mh-format(5) for  the

       In  addition to the standard mh-format(5) escapes, scan also recognizes
       the following additional component escapes:

       Escape    Returns  Description
       body      string   the (compressed) first part of the body
       dtimenow  date     the current date
       folder    string   the name of the current folder

       If no date header is present in the message, the function escapes which
       operate  on {date} will return values for the date of last modification
       of the message file itself.  This feature is handy for scanning a draft
       folder, as message drafts usually aren't allowed to have dates in them.

       scan will update the nmh context prior  to  starting  the  listing,  so
       interrupting  a  long  scan  listing  preserves  the  new context.  nmh
       purists hate this idea.


       $HOME/.mh_profile                    The user profile


       Path:                To determine the user's nmh directory
       Alternate-Mailboxes: To determine the user's mailboxes
       Current-Folder:      To find the default current folder


       inc(1), pick(1), show(1), mh-format(5)


       `+folder' defaults to the current folder
       `msgs' defaults to all
       `-format' defaulted as described above
       `-width' defaulted to the width of the terminal


       If a folder is given, it will become the current folder.


       Prior to using the format string mechanism, `-header' used to  generate
       a  heading  saying what each column in the listing was.  Format strings
       prevent this from happening.


       The argument to the `-format' switch must be interpreted  as  a  single
       token  by  the  shell  that  invokes scan.  Therefore, one must usually
       place the argument to this switch inside double-quotes.

       The value of each component escape is set by scan to  the  contents  of
       the  first message header scan encounters with the corresponding compo-
       nent name; any following headers  with  the  same  component  name  are

[nmh-1.0.4]                         MH.6.8                             SCAN(1)

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