LinuxCommand

Learning the shell

Writing shell scripts

Script library

SuperMan pages

Who, What, Where, Why

SuperMan Pages: Applications/Multimedia

Command Description Package
aumix

adjust audio mixer

aumix

sfxload

load a SoundFont file on the AWE32 sound driver

awesfx

cdda2wav

a sampling utility that dumps CD audio data into wav sound files

cdda2wav

cdparanoia

an audio CD reading utility which includes extra data verification features

cdparanoia

dvgrab

Grab DV video and audio data via IEEE1394 links

dvgrab

festival

a text-to-speech system

festival

giftrans

transform gif from gif87 to gif89, making one color transparent

giftrans

gimptool

perform various Gimpy functions

gimp-devel

gimp

an image manipulation and paint program

gimp

gphoto2

command-line gphoto2 client

gphoto2

animate

animate a sequence of images

ImageMagick

composite

composite images together

ImageMagick

conjure

process a Magick Scripting Language (MSL) script

ImageMagick

convert

convert an image or sequence of images

ImageMagick

display

display an image on any workstation running X

ImageMagick

identify

describe an image or image sequence

ImageMagick

ImageMagick

commandline utilities to create, edit, or convert images

ImageMagick

import

capture some or all of an X server screen and save the image to a file

ImageMagick

mogrify

mogrify an image

ImageMagick

montage

create a composite image by combining several separate images

ImageMagick

dvcont

send control commands to DV cameras

libavc1394

testlibraw

run basic functionality tests on libraw1394

libraw1394

mikmod

play soundtracker etc. modules on a Unix machine

mikmod

411toppm

convert Sony Mavica .411 image to PPM

netpbm-progs

anytopnm

convert an arbitrary type of image file to PBM, PGM, or PPM

netpbm-progs

asciitopgm

convert ASCII graphics into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

atktopbm

convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

bioradtopgm

convert a Biorad confocal file into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

bmptoppm

convert a BMP file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

brushtopbm

convert a doodle brush file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

cmuwmtopbm

convert a CMU window manager bitmap into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

eyuvtoppm

convert a Berkeley YUV file to a portable pixmap (ppm) file

netpbm-progs

fiascotopnm

Convert compressed FIASCO image to PGM, or PPM

netpbm-progs

fitstopnm

convert a FITS file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

fstopgm

convert a Usenix FaceSaver(tm) file into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

g3topbm

convert a Group 3 fax file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

giftopnm

convert a GIF file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

gouldtoppm

convert Gould scanner file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

hipstopgm

convert a HIPS file into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

hpcdtoppm

convert a Photo-CD file into a portable bitmap file

netpbm-progs

icontopbm

convert a Sun icon into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

ilbmtoppm

convert an ILBM file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

imgtoppm

convert an Img-whatnot file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

jpegtopnm

convert JPEG/JFIF file to portable pixmap or graymap

netpbm-progs

leaftoppm

convert Interleaf image format to PPM image

netpbm-progs

lispmtopgm

convert a Lisp Machine bitmap file into pgm format

netpbm-progs

macptopbm

convert a MacPaint file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

mdatopbm

convert a Microdesign .mda or .mdp file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

mgrtopbm

convert a MGR bitmap into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

mtvtoppm

convert output from the MTV or PRT ray tracers into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

neotoppm

convert an Atari Neochrome .neo into a PPM image

netpbm-progs

netpbm

package of graphics manipulation programs and libraries

netpbm-progs

palmtopnm

convert a Palm pixmap into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pamchannel

extract channels from a PAM image

netpbm-progs

pamcut

cut a rectangle out of a PAM, PBM, PGM, or PPM image

netpbm-progs

pamdeinterlace

remove ever other row from a PAM/PNM image

netpbm-progs

pamfile

describe a Netpbm (PAM or PNM) file

netpbm-progs

pamoil

turn a PAM image into an oil painting

netpbm-progs

pamstretch

scale up a PNM or PAM image by interpolating between pixels

netpbm-progs

pamtopnm

convert PAM image to PBM, PGM, or PPM

netpbm-progs

pbmclean

flip isolated pixels in portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmlife

apply Conway's rules of Life to a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmmake

create a blank bitmap of a specified size

netpbm-progs

pbmmask

create a mask bitmap from a regular bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmpage

create a one page test pattern for printing

netpbm-progs

pbmpscale

enlarge a portable bitmap with edge smoothing

netpbm-progs

pbmreduce

read a portable bitmap and reduce it N times

netpbm-progs

pbmtext

render text into a bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmto10x

convert a portable bitmap into Gemini 10X printer graphics

netpbm-progs

pbmto4425

Display PBM images on an AT&T 4425 terminal

netpbm-progs

pbmtoascii

convert a portable bitmap into ASCII graphics

netpbm-progs

pbmtoatk

convert portable bitmap to Andrew Toolkit raster object

netpbm-progs

pbmtocmuwm

convert a portable bitmap into a CMU window manager bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmtoepsi

convert a portable bitmap into an encapsulated PostScript style preview bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmtoepson

convert a portable bitmap into Epson printer graphics

netpbm-progs

pbmtog3

convert a portable bitmap into a Group 3 fax file

netpbm-progs

pbmtogem

convert a portable bitmap into a GEM .img file

netpbm-progs

pbmtogo

convert a portable bitmap into compressed GraphOn graphics

netpbm-progs

pbmtoicon

convert a portable bitmap into a Sun icon

netpbm-progs

pbmtolj

convert a PBM image to HP LaserJet format

netpbm-progs

pbmtoln03

convert protable bitmap to DEC LN03+ Sixel output

netpbm-progs

pbmtolps

convert portable bitmap to PostScript

netpbm-progs

pbmtomacp

convert a portable bitmap into a MacPaint file

netpbm-progs

pbmtomda

convert a portable bitmap to a Microdesign .mda

netpbm-progs

pbmtomgr

convert a portable bitmap into a MGR bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmtonokia

convert a portable bitmap to Nokia Smart Messaging Formats

netpbm-progs

pbmtopgm

convert PBM image to PGM by averaging areas

netpbm-progs

pbmtopi3

convert a portable bitmap into an Atari Degas .pi3 file

netpbm-progs

pbmtopk

convert a portable bitmap into a packed (PK) format font

netpbm-progs

pbmtoplot

convert a portable bitmap into a Unix plot(5) file

netpbm-progs

pbmtoppa

convert PBM image to HP Printer Performance Architecture (PPA)

netpbm-progs

pbmtopsg3

convert PBM images to Postscript with G3 fax compression

netpbm-progs

pbmtoptx

convert a portable bitmap into Printronix printer graphics

netpbm-progs

pbmtowbmp

convert a portable bitmap (pbm) to a wireless bitmap (wbmp) file

netpbm-progs

pbmtox10bm

convert a portable bitmap into an X10 bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmtoxbm

convert a portable bitmap into an X11 bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmtozinc

convert a portable bitmap into a Zinc bitmap

netpbm-progs

pbmupc

create a Universal Product Code bitmap

netpbm-progs

pcdindex

create index image for a photo CD

netpbm-progs

pcxtoppm

convert a PCX file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

pgmbentley

Bentleyize a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmcrater

create cratered terrain by fractal forgery

netpbm-progs

pgmedge

edge-detect a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmenhance

edge-enhance a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmhist

print a histogram of the values in a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmkernel

generate a convolution kernel

netpbm-progs

pgmnoise

create a graymap made up of white noise

netpbm-progs

pgmnorm

normalize the contrast in a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmramp

generate a grayscale ramp

netpbm-progs

pgmslice

extract one line of pixel values out of a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmtexture

calculate textural features on a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pgmtofs

convert portable graymap to Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format

netpbm-progs

pgmtolispm

convert a portable graymap into Lisp Machine format

netpbm-progs

pgmtopbm

convert a portable graymap into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

pgmtoppm

colorize a PGM (grayscale) image into a PGM (color) image

netpbm-progs

pi1toppm

convert an Atari Degas .pi1 into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

pi3topbm

convert an Atari Degas .pi3 file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

picttoppm

convert a Macintosh PICT file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

pjtoppm

convert an HP PaintJet file to a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

pktopbm

convert packed (PK) format font into portable bitmap(s)

netpbm-progs

pngtopnm

convert a Portable Network Graphics file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmalias

antialias a portable anyumap

netpbm-progs

pnmarith

perform arithmetic on two portable anymaps

netpbm-progs

pnmcat

concatenate portable anymaps

netpbm-progs

pnmcolormap

create quantization color map for a Netpbm image

netpbm-progs

pnmcomp

composite (overlay) two portable anymap files together

netpbm-progs

pnmconvol

general MxN convolution on a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmcrop

crop a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmcut

cut a rectangle out of a PBM, PGM, or PPM image

netpbm-progs

pnmdepth

change the maxval in a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmenlarge

read a portable anymap and enlarge it N times

netpbm-progs

pnmfile

describe a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmflip

perform one or more flip operations on a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmgamma

perform gamma correction on a PNM image

netpbm-progs

pnmhisteq

histogram equalise a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmhistmap

draw a histogram for a PGM or PPM file

netpbm-progs

pnmindex

build a visual index of a bunch of anymaps

netpbm-progs

pnminvert

invert a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmmargin

add a border to a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmmontage

create a montage of portable anymaps

netpbm-progs

pnmnlfilt

non-linear filters: smooth, alpha trim mean, optimal estimation smoothing, edge enhancement

netpbm-progs

pnmpad

add borders to portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmpaste

paste a rectangle into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

pnmpsnr

compute the difference between two images (the PSNR)

netpbm-progs

pnmquant

quantize the colors in a Netpbm image to a smaller set

netpbm-progs

pnmremap

replace colors in a PPM image with colors from another set

netpbm-progs

pnmrotate

rotate a portable anymap by some angle

netpbm-progs

pnmscale

scale a PNM file quickly

netpbm-progs

pnmscale

scale a PNM image

netpbm-progs

pnmshear

shear a portable anymap by some angle

netpbm-progs

pnmsmooth

smooth out an image

netpbm-progs

pnmsplit

split a multi-image PNM file into multiple single-image files

netpbm-progs

pnmtile

replicate a portable anymap into a specified size

netpbm-progs

pnmtoddif

Convert a portable anymap to DDIF format

netpbm-progs

pnmtofiasco

Convert PNM file to FIASCO compressed file

netpbm-progs

pnmtofits

convert a portable anymap into FITS format

netpbm-progs

pnmtojpeg

convert PNM image to a JFIF (JPEG) image

netpbm-progs

pnmtopalm

convert a portable anymap into a Palm pixmap

netpbm-progs

pnmtoplainpnm

convert portable any map to plain (ASCII) anymap format

netpbm-progs

pnmtopng

convert a portable anymap into a Portable Network Graphics file

netpbm-progs

pnmtops

convert portable anymap to PostScript

netpbm-progs

pnmtorast

convert a portable pixmap into a Sun rasterfile

netpbm-progs

pnmtorle

convert a Netpbm image file into an RLE image file

netpbm-progs

pnmtosgi

convert a portable anymap to a SGI image file

netpbm-progs

pnmtosir

convert a portable anymap into a Solitaire format

netpbm-progs

pnmtotiffcmyk

convert a a portable anymap into a CMYK encoded TIFF file

netpbm-progs

pnmtotiff

convert a PNM image to a TIFF file

netpbm-progs

pnmtoxwd

convert a portable anymap into an X11 window dump

netpbm-progs

ppm3d

convert two portable pixmap into a red/blue 3d glasses pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmbrighten

change an images Saturation and Value from an HSV map

netpbm-progs

ppmchange

change all pixels of one color to another in a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmcie

draw a CIE color chart as a PPM image

netpbm-progs

ppmcolormask

produce mask of areas of a certain color in a PPM file

netpbm-progs

ppmcolors

generate a color map of all colors of a certain maxval

netpbm-progs

ppmdim

dim a portable pixmap down to total blackness

netpbm-progs

ppmdist

simplistic grayscale assignment for machine generated, color images

netpbm-progs

ppmdither

ordered dither for color images

netpbm-progs

ppmfade

generate a transition between two image files using special effects

netpbm-progs

ppmflash

brighten a picture up to complete white-out

netpbm-progs

ppmforge

fractal forgeries of clouds, planets, and starry skies

netpbm-progs

ppmhist

print a histogram of a PPM image

netpbm-progs

ppmlabel

add text to a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmmake

create a pixmap of a specified size and color

netpbm-progs

ppmmix

blend together two portable pixmaps

netpbm-progs

ppmnorm

normalize the contrast in a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmntsc

Make RGB colors legal for NTSC or PAL color systems

netpbm-progs

ppmpat

make a pretty pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmquantall

run ppmquant on a bunch of files all at once, so they share a common colormap

netpbm-progs

ppmquant

quantize the colors in a portable pixmap down to a specified number

netpbm-progs

ppmqvga

8 plane quantization

netpbm-progs

ppmrainbow

Generate a rainbow

netpbm-progs

ppmrelief

run a Laplacian relief filter on a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmshadow

add simulated shadows to a portable pixmap image

netpbm-progs

ppmshift

shift lines of a portable pixmap left or right by a random amount

netpbm-progs

ppmspread

displace a portable pixmap's pixels by a random amount

netpbm-progs

ppmtoacad

convert portable pixmap to AutoCAD database or slide

netpbm-progs

ppmtobmp

convert a portable pixmap into a BMP file

netpbm-progs

ppmtoeyuv

convert a portable pixmap into a Berkeley YUV file

netpbm-progs

ppmtogif

convert a portable pixmap into a GIF file

netpbm-progs

ppmtoicr

convert a portable pixmap into NCSA ICR format

netpbm-progs

ppmtoilbm

convert a portable pixmap into an ILBM file

netpbm-progs

ppmtoleaf

convert PPM image to Interleaf image format

netpbm-progs

ppmtolj

convert a portable pixmap to an HP LaserJet PCL 5 Color file

netpbm-progs

ppmtomap

extract all colors from a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmtomitsu

convert a portable pixmap to a Mitsubishi S340-10 file

netpbm-progs

ppmtompeg

encodes MPEG-1 bitstreams

netpbm-progs

ppmtoneo

convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Neochrome .neo file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopcx

convert a portable pixmap into a PCX file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopgm

convert a portable pixmap into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

ppmtopi1

convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Degas .pi1 file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopict

convert a portable pixmap into a Macintosh PICT file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopj

convert a portable pixmap to an HP PaintJet file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopjxl

convert a portable pixmap into an HP PaintJet XL PCL file

netpbm-progs

ppmtopuzz

convert a portable pixmap into an X11 puzzle file

netpbm-progs

ppmtorgb3

separate a portable pixmap into three portable graymaps

netpbm-progs

ppmtosixel

convert a portable pixmap into DEC sixel format

netpbm-progs

ppmtotga

convert portable pixmap into a TrueVision Targa file

netpbm-progs

ppmtouil

convert a portable pixmap into a Motif UIL icon file

netpbm-progs

ppmtowinicon

convert 1 or more portable pixmaps into a Windows .ico file

netpbm-progs

ppmtoxpm

convert a PPM iamge into an X11 pixmap

netpbm-progs

ppmtoyuv

convert a portable pixmap into an Abekas YUV file

netpbm-progs

ppmtoyuvsplit

convert a portable pixmap into 3 subsampled raw YUV files

netpbm-progs

ppmtv

make a portable pixmap look like taken from an American TV

netpbm-progs

psidtopgm

convert PostScript image data into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

pstopnm

convert a PostScript file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

qrttoppm

convert output from the QRT ray tracer into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

rasttopnm

convert a Sun rasterfile into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

rawtopgm

convert raw grayscale bytes into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

rawtoppm

convert raw RGB bytes into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

rgb3toppm

combine three portable graymaps into one portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

rletopnm

convert a Utah Raster Tools RLE image file into a PNM image file

netpbm-progs

sbigtopgm

convert an SBIG CCDOPS file into a portable graymap

netpbm-progs

sgitopnm

convert a SGI image file to a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

sirtopnm

convert a Solitaire file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

sldtoppm

convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

spctoppm

convert an Atari compressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

spottopgm

convert SPOT satellite images to Portable Greymap format

netpbm-progs

sputoppm

convert an Atari uncompressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

tgatoppm

convert TrueVision Targa file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

thinkjettopbm

convert HP ThinkJet printer commands file to PBM

netpbm-progs

tifftopnm

convert a TIFF file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

wbmptopbm

convert a wireless bitmap (wbmp) file to a portable bitmap (pbm)

netpbm-progs

winicontoppm

convert a Windows .ico file into 1 or more portable pixmap files

netpbm-progs

xbmtopbm

convert an X11 or X10 bitmap into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

ximtoppm

convert an Xim file into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

xpmtoppm

convert an X11 pixmap into a PPM image

netpbm-progs

xvminitoppm

convert a XV thumbnail picture to PPM

netpbm-progs

xwdtopnm

convert a X11 or X10 window dump file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

ybmtopbm

convert a Bennet Yee face file into a portable bitmap

netpbm-progs

yuvtoppm

convert Abekas YUV bytes into a portable pixmap

netpbm-progs

zeisstopnm

convert a Zeiss confocal file into a portable anymap

netpbm-progs

sndconfig

configure sound card for use with Linux kernel modules

sndconfig

play

play any sound file to audio device .P rec

sox

soxexam

SoX Examples (CHEAT SHEET)

sox

sox

Sound eXchange : universal sound sample translator

sox

fig2dev

translates Fig code to various graphics languages

transfig

fig2ps2tex

generate a TeX file for including a PostScript file

transfig

pic2tpic

Convert pic files to tpic format

transfig

transfig

creates a makefile for portable LaTeX figures

transfig

ogg123

plays Ogg Vorbis files

vorbis-tools

oggdec

simple decoder, Ogg Vorbis file to PCM audio file (WAV or RAW)

vorbis-tools

oggenc

encode audio into the Ogg Vorbis format

vorbis-tools

ogginfo

gives information about Ogg files, and does extensive validity checking

vorbis-tools

vcut

cuts Ogg Vorbis files

vorbis-tools

vorbiscomment

edits Ogg Vorbis comments

vorbis-tools

alevtd

webserver for videotext pages

xawtv

fbtv

a console program for watching TV

xawtv

propwatch

a tool to monitor X11 properties

xawtv

radio

console radio application

xawtv

record

records *.wav files

xawtv

rootv

display TV using the Xvideo extention

xawtv

scantv

scan a v4l device for TV stations

xawtv

showriff

show structure of RIFF files (wav, avi, ...)

xawtv

streamer

record audio and/or video

xawtv

subtitles

display subtitles within xawtv

xawtv

ttv

display TV/video on a tty

xawtv

webcam

capture images and upload them to a webserver using ftp

xawtv

xawtv

a X11 program for watching TV

xawtv

xfig

Facility for Interactive Generation of figures under X11

xfig

xsane

scanner frontend for SANE

xsane