LinuxCommand

Learning the shell

Writing shell scripts

Script library

SuperMan pages

Who, What, Where, Why

SuperMan Pages: Applications/System

Command Description Package
amrestore

extract backup images from an Amanda tape

amanda

amrecover

Amanda index database browser

amanda-client

amadmin

administrative interface to control Amanda backups

amanda-server

amanda

Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver

amanda-server

amcheckdb

check Amanda database for tape consistency

amanda-server

amcheck

run Amanda self-checks

amanda-server

amcleanup

run the Amanda cleanup process after a failure

amanda-server

amdump

back up all disks in an Amanda configuration

amanda-server

amflush

flush Amanda backup files from holding disk to tape

amanda-server

amlabel

label an Amanda tape

amanda-server

amoverview

display file systems processed by Amanda over time

amanda-server

amplot

visualize the behavior of Amanda

amanda-server

amreport

generate a formatted output of statistics for an Amanda run

amanda-server

amrmtape

remove a tape from the Amanda database

amanda-server

amstatus

display the state of an Amanda run

amanda-server

amtape

user interface to Amanda tape changer controls

amanda-server

amtoc

generate TOC (Table Of Contents) for an Amanda run

amanda-server

amverify

check an Amanda tape for errors

amanda-server

arpsnmp

keep track of ethernet/ip address pairings

arpwatch

arpwatch

keep track of ethernet/ip address pairings

arpwatch

autorun

automatically mounts/unmounts CDROMs and executes /path_to_cdrom/autorun after mounting

autorun

dig

DNS lookup utility

bind-utils

host

DNS lookup utility

bind-utils

nslookup

query Internet name servers interactively

bind-utils

nsupdate

Dynamic DNS update utility

bind-utils

cdrdao

writes audio CD-Rs in disc-at-once mode

cdrdao

catod

To convert the text format of a dictionary to binary format

cWnn-common

catof

To convert the text format of grammatical rules into binary format

cWnn-common

cdicsort

To sort the text format dictionary

cWnn-common

cdtoa

To convert the binary format of a dictionary back to text format

cWnn-common

cuum

To start the front-end processor

cWnn-common

cwddel

To delete characters/words from the binary format dictionary

cWnn-common

cwdreg

To register characters/words into the binary format dictionary

cWnn-common

cwnnkill

To terminate the cserver

cWnn-common

cwnnstat

To show the current status of cserver

cWnn-common

cwnntouch

To rewrite the header of the dictionary

cWnn-common

cserver

To start the Chinese server

cWnn

dialog

display dialog boxes from shell scripts

dialog

dosfsck

check and repair MS-DOS file systems

dosfstools

mkdosfs

create an MS-DOS file system under Linux

dosfstools

dtach

simple program that emulates the detach feature of screen

dtach

ethtool

Display or change ethernet card settings

ethtool

fbset

show and modify frame buffer device settings

fbset

gkrellm

The GNU Krell Monitors

gkrellm

gdialog

display dialog boxes from shell scripts

gnome-utils

gfloppy

a simple floppy formatter for the GNOME

gnome-utils

gpg

encryption and signing tool

gnupg

gpgv

signature verification tool

gnupg

hdparm

get/set hard disk parameters

hdparm

ip

TCP/IP interface configuration and routing utility

iproute

iptraf

Interactive Colorful IP LAN Monitor

iptraf

rvnamed

reverse name resolution daemon for

iptraf

ipvsadm

Linux Virtual Server administration

ipvsadm

autovbox

isdn voice box (sound converter)

isdn4k-utils

avmcapictrl

Add, reset or remove active AVM cards and load firmware

isdn4k-utils

capiinfo

Show supported features of all installed CAPI2.0 controllers

isdn4k-utils

capiplugin

Plugin for pppd (Point-to-Point Protocol daemon)

isdn4k-utils

hisaxctrl

configure HiSax-Module

isdn4k-utils

ibod

ISDN MPPP bandwidth on demand daemon

isdn4k-utils

icnctrl

configure ICN ISDN adaptor

isdn4k-utils

imontty

display status of all ISDN lines

isdn4k-utils

imon

watch ISDN activities

isdn4k-utils

ipppd

(ISDN) Point to Point Protocol daemon

isdn4k-utils

iprofd

Modem-register daemon

isdn4k-utils

isdnconf

manipulate or read ISDN phone number config files

isdn4k-utils

isdnctrl

get/set ISDN device information

isdn4k-utils

isdnlog

isdn log system (and more)

isdn4k-utils

isdnrate

Print telefon rates and various info from rate-files(5)

isdn4k-utils

isdnrep

report isdn activity

isdn4k-utils

loopctrl

configure isdnloop ISDN driver

isdn4k-utils

pcbitctl

PCBIT-D firmware loader

isdn4k-utils

rmdtovbox

isdn voice box (sound converter)

isdn4k-utils

vboxbeep

isdn voice box (beeper)

isdn4k-utils

vboxctrl

control vbox functions

isdn4k-utils

vboxd

isdn voice box daemon

isdn4k-utils

vboxgetty

isdn voice box (getty)

isdn4k-utils

vbox

interact with recorded messages

isdn4k-utils

vboxmail

script to send notification of new voice message

isdn4k-utils

vboxmode

detect format of isdn voice file

isdn4k-utils

vboxplay

play vbox sound files

isdn4k-utils

vboxputty

a self-dialing/-calling vboxgetty

isdn4k-utils

vboxtoau

isdn voice box (sound converter)

isdn4k-utils

kudzu

detects and configures new and/or changed hardware on a system

kudzu

updfstab

update /etc/fstab to reflect removable devices

kudzu

sensors

printing sensors information

lm_sensors

logwatch

system log analyzer and reporter

logwatch

binhex

Hexifies a series of files

macutils

frommac

Receive files from the Macintosh

macutils

hexbin

Macintosh file de-binhexer

macutils

macsave

Save Mac files read from standard input

macutils

macstream

Convert a series of files to a MacBinary stream

macutils

macunpack

Macintosh file de-archiver

macutils

macutil

A package that deals with MacIntosh files on a Unix system

macutils

tomac

Transmit files to the Mac

macutils

mkisofs

create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem with optional Rock Ridge attributes

mkisofs

mattrib

change MSDOS file attribute flags

mtools

mbadblocks

tests a floppy disk, and marks the bad blocks in the FAT

mtools

mcat

dump raw disk image

mtools

mcd

change MSDOS directory

mtools

mcopy

copy MSDOS files to/from Unix

mtools

mdel

delete an MSDOS file mdeltree

mtools

mdeltree

recursively delete an MSDOS directory and its contents

mtools

mdir

display an MSDOS directory

mtools

mdu

display the amount of space occupied by an MSDOS directory

mtools

mformat

add an MSDOS filesystem to a low-level formatted floppy disk

mtools

minfo

print the parameters of a MSDOS filesystem

mtools

mkmanifest

makes list of file names and their DOS 8+3 equivalent

mtools

mlabel

make an MSDOS volume label

mtools

mmd

make an MSDOS subdirectory

mtools

mmount

mount an MSDOS disk

mtools

mmove

move or rename an MSDOS file or subdirectory

mtools

mpartition

partition an MSDOS hard disk

mtools

mrd

remove an MSDOS subdirectory

mtools

mren

rename an existing MSDOS file

mtools

mshowfat

shows FAT clusters allocated to file

mtools

mtoolstest

tests and displays the configuration

mtools

mtools

utilities to access DOS disks in Unix

mtools

mtype

display contents of an MSDOS file

mtools

mzip

change protection mode and eject disk on Zip/Jaz drive

mtools

mt

control magnetic tape drive operation

mt-st

stinit

initialize SCSI magnetic tape drives

mt-st

loaderinfo

report SCSI tape device info

mtx

mtx

control SCSI media changer devices

mtx

scsitape

control SCSI tape devices

mtx

tapeinfo

report SCSI tape device info

mtx

ncopy

NetWare file copy

ncpfs

ncpmount

mount volume(s) from a specified NetWare fileserver

ncpfs

ncpumount

unmount a NetWare filesystem mounted with ncpmount

ncpfs

nprint

NetWare print client

ncpfs

nsend

Send messages to users or groups

ncpfs

nwauth

Verify username/password

ncpfs

nwbocreate

Create a NetWare Bindery Object

ncpfs

nwbols

List NetWare Bindery Objects

ncpfs

nwboprops

List properies of a NetWare Bindery Object

ncpfs

nwborm

Remove a NetWare Bindery Object

ncpfs

nwbpadd

Set the value of a NetWare Bindery Property

ncpfs

nwbpcreate

Create a NetWare Bindery Propery

ncpfs

nwbprm

Remove a NetWare Bindery Propery

ncpfs

nwbpset

Create a bindery property or set its value

ncpfs

nwbpvalues

Print a NetWare Bindery Propery's contents

ncpfs

nwdir

Lists files in directory

ncpfs

nwfsctrl

Perform server command

ncpfs

nwfsinfo

Print some information about the file server

ncpfs

nwfstime

Display / Set a NetWare server's date and time

ncpfs

nwgrant

Add Trustee Rights to a directory

ncpfs

nwmsg

Deliver NetWare user broadcast messages

ncpfs

nwpasswd

Change a user's password

ncpfs

nwpurge

Permanently delete previously erased files

ncpfs

nwrevoke

Revoke a Trustee Right from a directory

ncpfs

nwrights

Show effective rights for file or directory

ncpfs

nwsfind

Find a NetWare Server

ncpfs

nwtrustee

List an object's trustee directory assignments

ncpfs

nwuserlist

List Users logged in at a NetWare server

ncpfs

nwvolinfo

Diplay info on NetWare Volumes

ncpfs

pqlist

List available NetWare print queues

ncpfs

pqrm

Remove job from NetWare print queue

ncpfs

pqstat

List jobs in NetWare print queue

ncpfs

pserver

NetWare print server

ncpfs

slist

Lists available NetWare Servers

ncpfs

snmpbulkget

communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETBULK Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpbulkwalk

communicates with a network entity using SNMP BULK Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpcmd

commands to communicate with a network entity using SNMP Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpdelta

Monitor deltas of integer valued SNMP variables

net-snmp-utils

snmpdf

gets a listing of disk space usage on a remote machine via SNMP

net-snmp-utils

snmpget

communicates with a network entity using SNMP GET Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpgetnext

communicates with a network entity using SNMP GET NEXT Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpinform

sends an SNMP trap to a manager

net-snmp-utils

snmpnetstat

show network status using SNMP

net-snmp-utils

snmpset

communicates with a network entity using SNMP SET Requests

net-snmp-utils

snmpstatus

Retrieves important information from a network entity

net-snmp-utils

snmptable

obtain and print an SNMP table

net-snmp-utils

snmptest

communicates with a network entity using SNMP requests

net-snmp-utils

snmptranslate

translate SNMP OID values into more useful information

net-snmp-utils

snmptrap

sends an SNMP trap to a manager

net-snmp-utils

snmpusm

creates and maintains SNMPv3 users on a remote entity

net-snmp-utils

snmpwalk

communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETNEXT requests

net-snmp-utils

nmapfe

GTK+ graphical frontend to the Nmap Security Scanner

nmap-frontend

nmap

Network exploration tool and security scanner

nmap

apcsmart

Driver for American Power Conversion Smart Protocol UPS equipment

nut

belkin

Driver for Belkin serial UPS equipment

nut

bestups

Driver for Best Power / SOLA (Phoenixtec protocol) UPS equipment

nut

fentonups

Driver for Fenton Technologies (Megatec protocol) UPS equipment

nut

newapc

Driver for American Power Conversion Smart Protocol UPS equipment

nut

newvictron

Driver for IMV/Victron UPS unit Match, Match Lite, NetUps

nut

nutupsdrv

generic manual for unified NUT model drivers

nut

powercom

UPS model driver for powercom kind of interface

nut

upsc

example lightweight UPS client

nut

upscmd

UPS administration program for instant commands

nut

upsct2

UPS variable administration tool

nut

upsct

example UPS client using TCP sockets

nut

upsdrvctl

UPS driver controller

nut

upsd

UPS information server

nut

upslog

UPS status logger

nut

upsmon

UPS monitor and shutdown controller

nut

upssched

Timer helper for scheduling events from upsmon

nut

open

start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT)

open

switchto

switch to a new virtual terminal (VT)

open

combinediff

create a cumulative patch from two incremental patches

patchutils

editdiff

fix offsets and counts of a hand-edited diff

patchutils

filterdiff

extract or exclude diffs from a diff file

patchutils

fixcvsdiff

fix problematic diff files

patchutils

grepdiff

show files modified by a diff containing a regex

patchutils

interdiff

show differences between two unified diff files

patchutils

lsdiff

show which files are modified by a patch

patchutils

rediff

fix offsets and counts of a hand-edited diff

patchutils

splitdiff

separate out incremental patches

patchutils

lspci

list all PCI devices

pciutils

setpci

configure PCI devices

pciutils

lsdev

display information about installed hardware

procinfo

procinfo

display system status gathered from /proc

procinfo

socklist

display list of open sockets

procinfo

free

Display amount of free and used memory in the system

procps

pgrep

look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes

procps

pkill

look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes

procps

ps

report process status

procps

skill

report process status

procps

snice

report process status

procps

sysctl

configure kernel parameters at runtime

procps

tload

graphic representation of system load average

procps

top

display top CPU processes

procps

uptime

Tell how long the system has been running

procps

vmstat

Report virtual memory statistics

procps

watch

execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen

procps

w

Show who is logged on and what they are doing

procps

accton

turns process accounting on or off

psacct

ac

print statistics about users' connect time

psacct

lastcomm

print out information about previously executed commands

psacct

sa

summarizes accounting information

psacct

fuser

identify processes using files or sockets

psmisc

killall

kill processes by name

psmisc

pstree

display a tree of processes

psmisc

rdate

get the time via the network

rdate

rdist

remote file distribution client program

rdist

apacheconf

Apache configuration utility

redhat-config-httpd

rhmask

generates and recovers file masks

rhmask

rpm2html

make an html database from rpm repository

rpm2html

nmblookup

NetBIOS over TCP/IP client used to lookup NetBIOS names

samba-client

rpcclient

tool for executing client side MS-RPC functions

samba-client

smbcacls

Set or get ACLs on an NT file or directory names

samba-client

smbclient

ftp-like client to access SMB/CIFS resources on servers

samba-client

smbmnt

helper utility for mounting SMB filesystems

samba-client

smbmount

mount an smbfs filesystem

samba-client

smbspool

send print file to an SMB printer

samba-client

smbtar

shell script for backing up SMB/CIFS shares directly to UNIX tape drives

samba-client

smbumount

smbfs umount for normal users

samba-client

smbpasswd

change a user's SMB password

samba-common

testparm

check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness

samba-common

testprns

check printer name for validity with smbd

samba-common

wbinfo

Query information from winbind daemon

samba-common

winbindd

Name Service Switch daemon for resolving names from NT servers

samba-common

swat

Samba Web Administration Tool

samba-swat

scanadf

acquire multiple images from a scanner equipped with an ADF

sane-frontends

xcam

a graphical camera frontend for SANE

sane-frontends

screen

screen manager with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation

screen

setserial

get/set Linux serial port information

setserial

statserial

display serial port modem status lines

statserial

sudo

execute a command as another user

sudo

visudo

edit the sudoers file

sudo

symlinks

symbolic link maintenance utility

symlinks

iostat

Report Central Processing Unit (CPU) statistics and input/output statistics for devices and partitions

sysstat

mpstat

Report processors related statistics

sysstat

sa1

Collect and store binary data in the system activity daily data file

sysstat

sa2

Write a daily report in the /var/log/sa directory

sysstat

sadc

System activity data collector

sysstat

sar

Collect, report, or save system activity information

sysstat

setclock

sets the hardware clock from the system clock

timeconfig

timeconfig

simple interface for configuring system time parameters

timeconfig

siggen

signature gathering routine for Tripwire

tripwire

tripwire

a file integrity checker for UNIX systems

tripwire

twadmin

Tripwire administrative and utility tool

tripwire

twintro

introduction to Tripwire software

tripwire

twprint

Tripwire database and report printer

tripwire

lsusb

list all USB devices

usbutils

usbmodules

List kernel driver modules available for a plugged in USB device

usbutils

consolehelper

A wrapper that helps console users run system programs

usermode

userinfo

A graphical equivilient to chfn

usermode-gtk

usermount

A graphical tool to mount, unmount and format filesystems

usermode-gtk

userpasswd

A graphical tool to allow users to change their passwords

usermode-gtk

userhelper

A helper interface to pam

usermode

vlock

Virtual Console lock program

vlock

which

shows the full path of (shell) commands

which

xcpustate

display CPU states (idle, nice, system, kernel) statistics

xcpustate

xferstats

compiles information about file transfers from logfiles

xferstats

xisdnload

ISDN load average display for X

xisdnload

xmonisdn

monitor for ISDN network

xisdnload

xmlto

apply an XSL stylesheet to an XML document

xmlto

xosview

X based system monitor

xosview

xtoolwait

start X client and wait for it to map a window

xtoolwait

mkzftree

Create a zisofs/RockRidge compressed file tree

zisofs-tools