LinuxCommand

Learning the shell

Writing shell scripts

Script library

SuperMan pages

Who, What, Where, Why

SuperMan Pages: System Environment/Daemons

Command Description Package
amd

automatically mount file systems

am-utils

amq

automounter query tool

am-utils

automount2amd

converts old Sun automount maps to Amd maps

am-utils

fixmount

fix remote mount entries

am-utils

fsinfo

co-ordinate site-wide filesystem information

am-utils

hlfsd

home-link file system daemon

am-utils

pawd

print automounter working directory

am-utils

apmd

Advanced Power Management (APM) daemon

apmd

apm

query Advanced Power Management (APM) BIOS

apmd

apmsleep

go into suspend or standby mode and wake-up later

apmd

xapm

display Advanced Power Management (APM) BIOS information

apmd

atd

run jobs queued for later execution

at

atq

queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution

at

at

queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution

at

atrm

queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution

at

atrun

run jobs queued for later execution

at

batch

queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution

at

automount

configure mount points for autofs

autofs

bdflush

kernel daemon to flush dirty buffers back to disk

bdflush

lwresd

lightweight resolver daemon

bind

named

Internet domain name server

bind

rndc

name server control utility

bind

bootparamd

boot parameter server

bootparamd

biff

be notified if mail arrives and who it is from

comsat

comsat

biff server

comsat

backend

cups backend transmission interfaces

cups

cupsaddsmb

export printers to samba for windows clients

cups

cupsd

common unix printing system daemon

cups

disable

stop/start printers and classes

cups

filter

cups file conversion filter interfaces

cups

lpadmin

configure cups printers and classes

cups

lpinfo

show available devices or drivers

cups

lpmove

move a job to a new destination

cups

lpoptions

display or set printer options and defaults

cups

lppasswd

add, change, or delete digest passwords

cups

dhcpd

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server

dhcp

dhcrelay

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Relay Agent

dhcp

omshell

OMAPI Command Shell

dhcp

fam

file alteration monitor

fam

fingerd

remote user information server

finger-server

gpm

a cut and paste utility and mouse server for virtual consoles

gpm

mev

a program to report mouse events

gpm

ab

Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool

httpd

apachectl

Apache HTTP server control interface

httpd

dbmmanage

Create and update user authentication files in DBM format

httpd

htdigest

Create and update user authentication files

httpd

htpasswd

Create and update user authentication files

httpd

httpd

Apache hypertext transfer protocol server

httpd

logresolve

resolve hostnames for IP-addresses in Apache logfiles

httpd

rotatelogs

rotate Apache logs without having to kill the server

httpd

suexec

Switch User For Exec

httpd

inews

send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution

inn

actsyncd

run actsync to synchronize newsgroups

inn

actsyncd

synchronize newsgroups

inn

actsync

synchronize newsgroups

inn

archive

Usenet article archiver

inn

batcher

article batching backend for InterNetNews

inn

buffchan

buffered file-writing backend for InterNetNews

inn

ckpasswd

nnrpd password authenticator

inn

cnfsheadconf

set CNFS header

inn

cnfsstat

show usage of cycbuffs

inn

controlchan

channel-fed control message handler

inn

convdate

convert time/date strings and numbers

inn

ctlinnd

control the InterNetNews daemon

inn

cvtbatch

convert Usenet batch file to INN format

inn

dbprocs

Start or stop ovdb housekeeping processes

inn

expireover

Expire entries from the news overview database

inn

expirerm

remove articles that have been expired

inn

expire

Usenet article and history expiration program

inn

fastrm

Quickly remove a list of files

inn

filechan

file-writing backend for InterNetNews

inn

getlist

get a list from an NNTP server

inn

grephistory

display file names from Usenet history file

inn

inncheck

check inn configuration and database files

inn

innconfval

get an InterNetNews configuration parameter

inn

inndf

Replacement for 'df | awk' in innwatch.ctl

inn

innd

InterNetNews daemon

inn

inndstart

InterNetNews daemon

inn

inndstart

Start innd

inn

innfeed

multi-host, multi-connection, streaming NNTP feeder

inn

innmail

Simple mail-sending program

inn

innreport

summarize INN log files

inn

innstat

print snapshot of INN system

inn

innwatch

monitor innd

inn

innxbatch

send xbatched Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server

inn

innxmit

send Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server

inn

mailpost

feed an email message into a news group

inn

makedbz

rebuild dbz files

inn

makehistory

Initialize or rebuild INN history database

inn

news2mail

a channel script to gateway news into email

inn

newsrequeue

tool to rewrite batchfiles

inn

nnrpd

NNTP server for on-campus hosts

inn

nntpget

get Usenet articles from a remote NNTP server

inn

nntpsend

send Usenet articles to remote site

inn

overchan

update the news overview database

inn

pgpverify

cryptographically verify Usenet control messages

inn

prunehistory

remove file names from Usenet history file

inn

pullnews

a perl script for pulling news from one news machine and feeding it to another

inn

rnews

receive news from a UUCP connection

inn

scanlogs

summarize INN log files

inn

shlock

create lock files for use in shell scripts

inn

shrinkfile

shrink a file on a line boundary

inn

simpleftp

rudimentary ftp client

inn

sm

command line interface to the storage manager

inn

startinnfeed

setuid root program to start innfeed

inn

writelog

add a entry to an INN log file

inn

arping

send ARP REQUEST to a neighbour host

iputils

clockdiff

measure clock difference between hosts

iputils

ping

send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts

iputils

rdisc

network router discovery daemon

iputils

tracepath

traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this path

iputils

iscsid

establish iSCSI connections

iscsi

checkpc

check out the /etc/printcap database

LPRng

lpbanner

text banner

LPRng

lpd

line printer daemon

LPRng

lpf

general printer filter

LPRng

monitor

receive logging information from LPD

LPRng

pclbanner

pcl format banner

LPRng

psbanner

PostScript format banner

LPRng

achfile

change type and/or creator of Apple Macintosh files (netatalk format)

netatalk

aecho

send AppleTalk Echo Protocol packets to network hosts

netatalk

afile

display type and creator of Apple Macintosh files (netatalk format)

netatalk

afpd

AppleTalk Filing Protocol daemon

netatalk

afppasswd

netatalk password maintenance utility

netatalk

atalkd

AppleTalk RTMP, NBP, ZIP, and AEP manager

netatalk

getzones

list AppleTalk zone names

netatalk

hqx2bin

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

macbinary

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

megatron

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

nbplkup

access NBP database

netatalk

nbprgstr

access NBP database

netatalk

nbpunrgstr

access NBP database

netatalk

pap

client interface to remote printers using Printer Access Protocol

netatalk

papd

AppleTalk print server daemon

netatalk

pap

download files to or communicate interactively with an AppleTalk network connected printer

netatalk

papstatus

client interface to remote printers using Printer Access Protocol

netatalk

papstatus

get the status of an AppleTalk-connected printer

netatalk

psf

PostScript filter

netatalk

psorder

PostScript pageorder filter

netatalk

single2bin

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

timelord

Macintosh time server daemon

netatalk

timeout

Send a signal to a program after a certain time

netatalk

unbin

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

unhex

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

unsingle

Macintosh file format transformer

netatalk

netdump

send oops data and memory dumps over the network

netdump

snmpd

daemon to respond to SNMP request packets

net-snmp

snmptrapd

Receive and log SNMP trap messages

net-snmp

exportfs

maintain list of NFS exported file systems

nfs-utils

nfsstat

print NFS statistics

nfs-utils

nhfsgraph

Run nhfsstone over multiple loads

nfs-utils

nhfsnums

Convert nhfsrun output to

nfs-utils

nhfsrun

Run nhfsstone over multiple loads

nfs-utils

nhfsstone

Network File System benchmark program

nfs-utils

showmount

show mount information for an NFS server

nfs-utils

ldbmcat

LDBM to LDIF database format conversion utility

openldap12

fax500

X.500 capable fax delivery agent

openldap-servers

go500gw

General Gopher to X.500 gateway for browsing and searching

openldap-servers

go500

Local Gopher index search to X.500 search gateway

openldap-servers

mail500

X.500 capable mailer

openldap-servers

rcpt500

mail to X.500 gateway program

openldap-servers

slapadd

Add entries to a SLAPD database

openldap-servers

slapcat

SLAPD database to LDIF utility

openldap-servers

slapd

Stand-alone LDAP Daemon

openldap-servers

slapindex

SLAPD index to LDIF utility

openldap-servers

slappasswd

OpenLDAP password utility

openldap-servers

slurpd

Standalone LDAP Update Replication Daemon

openldap-servers

sshd

OpenSSH SSH daemon

openssh-server

identd

TCP/IP IDENT protocol server

pidentd

portmap

DARPA port to RPC program number mapper

portmap

sendmail

an electronic mail transport agent

postfix

chat

Automated conversational script with a modem

ppp

pppd

Point to Point Protocol daemon

ppp

pppdump

convert PPP record file to readable format

ppp

pppstats

print PPP statistics

ppp

formail

mail (re)formatter

procmail

lockfile

conditional semaphore-file creator

procmail

procmail

autonomous mail processor

procmail

radvd

router advertisement daemon for IPv6

radvd

radvdump

dump router advertisements

radvd

rarpd

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP) daemon

rarpd

magicfilter

automatic configurable printer filter

redhat-config-printer

routed

network routing daemon

routed

pppoe

user-space PPPoE client

rp-pppoe

rexecd

remote execution server

rsh-server

rlogind

remote login server

rsh-server

rshd

remote shell server

rsh-server

rup

remote status display

rusers

rusers

who is logged in to machines on local network

rusers

rstatd

kernel statistics server

rusers-server

rwall

send a message to users logged on a host

rwall

ruptime

show host status of local machines

rwho

rwhod

system status server

rwho

rwho

who is logged in on local machines

rwho

nmbd

NetBIOS name server to provide NetBIOS over IP naming services to clients

samba

pdbedit

manage the SAM database

samba

smbcontrol

send messages to smbd, nmbd or winbindd processes

samba

smbd

server to provide SMB/CIFS services to clients

samba

smbstatus

report on current Samba connections

samba

mailstats

display mail statistics

sendmail

makemap

create database maps for sendmail

sendmail

praliases

display system mail aliases

sendmail

rmail

handle remote mail received via uucp

sendmail

smrsh

restricted shell for sendmail

sendmail

klogd

Kernel Log Daemon

sysklogd

sysklogd

Linux system logging utilities

sysklogd

talkd

remote user communication server

talk-server

tcpd

access control facility for internet services

tcp_wrappers

telnetd

DARPA telnet protocol server

telnet-server

tftpd

IPv4 Trivial File Transfer Protocol server

tftp-server

vsftpd

Very Secure FTP Daemon

vsftpd

ftpcount

show current number of users for each class

wu-ftpd

ftpd

Internet File Transfer Protocol server

wu-ftpd

ftprestart

restart previously shutdown ftp servers

wu-ftpd

ftpshut

close down the ftp servers at a given time

wu-ftpd

ftpwho

show current process information for each ftp user

wu-ftpd

privatepw

Change WU-FTPD Group Access File Information

wu-ftpd

wvdialconf

build a configuration file for

wvdial

wvdial

PPP dialer with built-in intelligence

wvdial

fslsfonts

list fonts served by X font server

XFree86-xfs

fstobdf

generate BDF font from X font server

XFree86-xfs

xfsinfo

X font server information utility

XFree86-xfs

xfs

X font server

XFree86-xfs

xinetd

the extended Internet services daemon

xinetd

ypbind

NIS binding process

ypbind

makedbm

create or dump a ypserv database file

ypserv

mknetid

generate data for netid map

ypserv

pwupdate

updates passwd and shadow NIS map

ypserv

revnetgroup

generate reverse netgroup data

ypserv

yphelper

helper application for internal use

ypserv

ypinit

NIS database install and build program

ypserv

yppush

force propagation of changed NIS databases

ypserv

ypserv

NIS server

ypserv

ypxfr

transfer NIS database from remote server to local host

ypserv

bgpd

a BGPv4, BGPv4+, BGPv4- routing engine for use with Zebra

zebra

ospf6d

an OSPF routing engine for use with Zebra and IPv6

zebra

ospfd

an OSPF v2 routing engine for use with Zebra

zebra

ripd

a RIP routing engine for use with Zebra

zebra

ripngd

a RIP routing engine for use with Zebra and IPv6

zebra

vtysh

a integrated shell for Zebra routing software

zebra

zebra

a routing manager for use with associated components

zebra